Priča

Grafikon vremena antičkog svijeta

Grafikon vremena antičkog svijeta



We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.


Lista vremenskih perioda

Kategorizacija prošlosti u diskretne, kvantificirane imenovane blokove vremena naziva se periodizacija. [1] Ovo je popis takvih imenovani vremenski periodi kako je definirano u različitim područjima studija. Glavni sistemi kategorizacije uključuju kosmološki (vremenski periodi u nastanku i masovnoj evoluciji svemira), geološke (vremenski periodi u nastanku i evoluciji Zemlje), antropološki i istorijski (vremenski periodi u nastanku i evoluciji ljudske civilizacije).


Spisak najvećih gradova kroz istoriju

Ovaj članak navodi najveće ljudsko naselje na svijetu (po broju stanovnika) tokom vremena, prema procjenama istoričara, od 7000. godine prije nove ere, kada je najveće naseljeno mjesto na svijetu bilo proto-grad na starom Bliskom istoku sa oko 1.000 stanovnika 2.000 ljudi, do 2000. godine kada je najveće urbano područje bio Tokio sa 26 miliona. Aleksandrija, Rim ili Bagdad možda su bili prvi grad koji je imao 1.000.000 ljudi, već 100. godine prije nove ere ili čak 925. godine. Kasnije su ih, među ostalima, nadmašili Konstantinopolj, Chang'an, Hangzhou, Jinling, Peking, London (prvi grad koji je dosegao 2 miliona) i New York (prvi do 10 miliona). sredinom 20. veka. Od 2020. godine Veliko područje Tokija je najmnogoljudnije gradsko područje na svijetu, sa više od 37,393 miliona stanovnika. [1]

Mnoge brojke su neizvjesne, posebno u antičko doba. Procjena veličine stanovništva prije sprovođenja popisa težak je zadatak. [2]


Dokazi o prošlim temperaturama uglavnom dolaze iz izotopskih razloga (posebno δ 18 O), omjer Mg/Ca u ispitivanjima forama i alkenona su također korisni. Često se mnogi koriste zajedno za dobivanje višestruke procjene temperature. Ovo se pokazalo ključnim u studijama o ledenjačkoj/međuglacijalnoj temperaturi. [1]

Pleistocensko uređivanje

Posljednja 3 miliona godina karakteriziraju ciklusi ledenjaka i međuglacijala u ledenom dobu koje se postupno produbljuje. Zemlja se trenutno nalazi u međuglacijalnom periodu, počevši prije otprilike 20.000 godina (20 kya).

Ciklusi glacijacije uključuju rast i povlačenje kontinentalnih ledenih ploča na sjevernoj hemisferi i uključuju fluktuacije na brojnim vremenskim skalama, posebno na 21 ky, 41 ky i 100 ky. Takvi se ciklusi obično tumače kao vođeni predvidljivim promjenama u orbiti Zemlje poznatim kao Milankovićevi ciklusi. Na početku srednjeg pleistocena (prije 0,8 miliona godina, blizu geomagnetskog preokreta Brunhes -Matuyama) došlo je do uglavnom neobjašnjivog prelaska u dominantnoj periodičnosti glacijacija od ciklusa 41 ky do 100 ky.

Postepeno intenziviranje ovog ledenog doba u posljednja 3 miliona godina povezano je sa smanjenjem koncentracije ugljičnog dioksida stakleničkih plinova, iako ostaje nejasno je li ta promjena dovoljno velika da je uzrokovala promjene temperatura. Snižene temperature mogu uzrokovati smanjenje ugljičnog dioksida jer je, prema Henryjevom zakonu, ugljični dioksid topljiviji u hladnijim vodama, što može uzrokovati smanjenje koncentracije ugljičnog dioksida od 30ppmv od 100ppmv tijekom posljednjeg glacijalnog maksimuma. [1]

Slično, početak ove faze produbljivanja također približno odgovara zatvaranju Panamske prevlake djelovanjem tektonike ploča. Time je spriječeno izravno okeansko strujanje između Pacifika i Atlantika, što bi imalo značajne učinke na cirkulaciju oceana i distribuciju topline. Međutim, studije modeliranja bile su dvosmislene u pogledu toga može li to biti izravan uzrok intenziviranja sadašnjeg ledenog doba.

Ovo novije razdoblje biciklističke klime dio je produženog ledenog doba koje je započelo prije oko 40 miliona godina glacijacijom Antarktika.

Početni eocenski termalni maksimumi Edit

U najranijem dijelu eocena zabilježen je niz naglih toplinskih skokova, koji ne traju više od nekoliko stotina hiljada godina. Najizraženiji od njih, Paleocen-Eocenski termalni maksimum (PETM) vidljiv je na slici desno. To se obično tumači kao uzrokovano naglim oslobađanjem metana iz klatrata (smrznuti ledeni metan koji se nakuplja na dnu oceana), iako neki znanstvenici osporavaju da bi metan bio dovoljan da izazove opažene promjene. [ potreban citat ] Tokom ovih događaja, temperature u Arktičkom okeanu mogle su doseći nivoe koji su tipičnije povezani sa modernim okeanima umjerene (tj. Srednje geografske širine). [ potreban citat ] Čini se da je tokom PETM-a globalna srednja temperatura porasla za čak 5-8 ° C (9-14 ° F) na prosječnu temperaturu od čak 23 ° C (73 ° F), za razliku od globalne današnja prosječna temperatura iznosi nešto ispod 15 ° C (60 ° F). Geolozi i paleontolozi misle da su tijekom većeg dijela paleocena i ranog eocena polovi bili bez ledenih kapa, a palme i krokodili živjeli su iznad Arktičkog kruga, dok je veći dio kontinentalnih Sjedinjenih Država imao suptropsko okruženje. [5]

Kredni toplinski optimum Edit

Tokom kasnijeg dijela krede, prije 66 do 100 miliona godina, prosječne globalne temperature dostigle su najviši nivo tokom posljednjih

200 miliona godina. [6] To će vjerojatno biti rezultat povoljne konfiguracije kontinenata u ovom razdoblju koja je omogućila poboljšanu cirkulaciju u oceanima i obeshrabrila stvaranje velike ledene ploče. [ potreban citat ]

Fluktuacije tokom ostatka fanerozojske izmjene

Fanerozojski eon, koji obuhvaća posljednjih 542 miliona godina i gotovo cijelo vrijeme od nastanka složenog višećelijskog života, općenito je bio period fluktuirajućih temperatura između ledenih doba, poput današnjeg doba, i „klimatskih optimuma“, slično onome što se dogodilo u kredi. Otprilike 4 takva ciklusa dogodila su se u to vrijeme sa približno 140 miliona godina razmaka između klimatskih optimuma. Osim sadašnjeg, ledeno doba se dogodilo tokom permsko-karbonskog intervala i kasnog ordovicijskog-ranog silura. Postoji i "hladniji" interval tijekom jure i rane krede, sa dokazima povećanja morskog leda, ali nedostatak kontinenata na bilo kojem polu u tom intervalu spriječio je stvaranje kontinentalnih ledenih ploča, pa se to obično ne smatra punim -zaleđeno ledeno doba. Između ovih hladnih perioda postojali su topliji uvjeti koji se često nazivaju klimatskim optimumima. Međutim, bilo je teško utvrditi jesu li ti topliji intervali zapravo bili topliji ili hladniji nego što se to dogodilo za vrijeme krede.

Ledeno doba kasnog proterozoika Uredi

Neoproterozoička era (prije 1.000 do 541 miliona godina) pruža dokaze o najmanje dvije, a možda i više velikih glacijacija. Novije od ovih ledenih doba, koje obuhvaća marinoanske i ampinarsko -varjaške glacijalne maksimume (prije otprilike 560 do 650 miliona godina), predloženo je kao zemaljski događaj sa snježnom grudom s neprekidnim morskim ledom koji doseže gotovo do ekvatora. Ovo je znatno ozbiljnije od ledenog doba tokom fanerozoika. Budući da je ovo ledeno doba prekinuto tek malo prije brze diverzifikacije života tokom kambrijske eksplozije, predloženo je da je ovo ledeno doba (ili barem njegov kraj) stvorilo uslove povoljne za evoluciju. Raniji šturtijski glacijalni maksimum (

730 miliona godina) je također mogao biti događaj sa snježne kugle, iako to nije dokazano.

Promjene koje su dovele do pokretanja zemaljskih događaja sa snježne kugle nisu dobro poznate, ali se tvrdi da su nužno dovele do njihovog vlastitog kraja. Rasprostranjeni morski led sprječava taloženje svježih karbonata u oceanskom sedimentu. Budući da su takvi karbonati dio prirodnog procesa recikliranja ugljičnog dioksida, kratkim spojem ovaj proces omogućuje nakupljanje ugljičnog dioksida u atmosferi. Ovo povećava efekt staklenika i na kraju dovodi do viših temperatura i povlačenja morskog leda. [8]

Opći prikaz Uredi

Izravna kombinacija ovih tumačenih geoloških zapisa temperature nije nužno valjana, kao ni njihova kombinacija s drugim novijim zapisima o temperaturi, koji mogu koristiti različite definicije. Ipak, sveukupna perspektiva je korisna čak i kada je neprecizna. U ovom pogledu vrijeme je iscrtano unazad od sadašnjosti, uzeto kao 2015. godina nove ere. To je skalirano linearno u pet zasebnih segmenata, koji se šire za otprilike red veličine pri svakom vertikalnom prekidu. Temperature na lijevoj ploči vrlo su približne i najbolje ih je posmatrati samo kao kvalitativni pokazatelj. [9] Dodatne informacije date su na stranici s opisom grafikona.

Druge promjene temperature u Zemljinoj prošlosti Edit

Prije neoproterozoika, dokazi o promjenama temperature i glacijaciji obično su previše raštrkani i sporadični da bi se donijeli čvrsti zaključci, iako se čini vjerojatnim da su i fluktuacije temperature bile značajne u tom razdoblju. [ potreban citat ]

Rekonstrukcije temperature zasnovane na izotopima kisika i silicija iz uzoraka stijena predvidjele su mnogo veće temperature pretkambrijskog mora. [10] [11] Ova predviđanja ukazuju na temperaturu okeana od 55–85 ° C u periodu od 2.000 do 3.500 miliona godina, nakon čega slijedi hlađenje na blaže temperature između 10-40 ° C prije 1.000 miliona godina. Rekonstruisani proteini iz pretkambrijskih organizama takođe su dali dokaze da je antički svet bio mnogo topliji nego danas. [12] [13]

Međutim, drugi dokazi ukazuju na to da je period od 2.000 do 3.000 miliona godina općenito bio hladniji i oleden u odnosu na posljednjih 500 miliona godina. [ potreban citat ] Smatra se da je to rezultat sunčevog zračenja približno 20% nižeg od današnjeg. Svjetlosna svjetlost Sunca bila je 30% tamnija kada se Zemlja formirala prije 4,5 milijardi godina [14], a očekuje se da će u budućnosti povećati svjetlinu za približno 10% na milijardu godina. [15]

Na vrlo dugim razmacima, evolucija Sunca je također važan faktor u određivanju Zemljine klime. Prema standardnim solarnim teorijama, Sunce će postepeno povećavati svoj sjaj kao prirodni dio svoje evolucije nakon što je započelo intenzitetom od približno 70% svoje moderne vrijednosti. Inicijalno nisko sunčevo zračenje, ako se kombinira sa modernim vrijednostima stakleničkih plinova, ne bi bilo dovoljno da omogući tekuće oceane na površini Zemlje. Međutim, dokazi o tekućoj vodi na površini prikazani su još prije 4.400 miliona godina. Ovo je poznato kao slabi paradoks mladog Sunca i obično se objašnjava pozivanjem na mnogo veće koncentracije stakleničkih plinova u ranoj povijesti Zemlje, iako su takvi prijedlozi slabo ograničeni postojećim eksperimentalnim dokazima.


Kina sredinom 20. stoljeća izgleda izrazito drugačije u usporedbi s modernom nacijom. Prije 1980 -ih, Kina je prolazila kroz period društvenih previranja, siromaštva i diktature pod Mao Cedungom.

1970 -ih

Počevši od kasnih 1970 -ih, kineski udio u svjetskom izvozu iznosio je manje od 1%. Zemlja je imala malo trgovačkih središta i malo industrije. Na primjer, 1979. godine Shenzhen je bio grad od oko 30.000 stanovnika.

U stvari, Kina (isključujući Tajvan* i Hong Kong) nije se čak ni pojavila u prvih 10 svjetskih izvoznika sve do 1997. godine, kada je pogodila 3,3% udjela u svjetskom izvozu.

GodinaUdio globalnog izvozaRank
20004.0%#7
20057.3%#3
201010.3%#1
201513.7%#1
202014.7%#1

*Napomena urednika: Gore navedeni podaci dolaze iz UN -a, koji navodi Tajvan kao zasebnu regiju Kine iz političkih razloga.

1980 -ih

Osamdesetih godina nekoliko gradova i regija, poput delte rijeke Biser, proglašeno je posebnim ekonomskim zonama. Ove SEZ su imale poreske olakšice koje su radile na privlačenju stranih investicija.

Osim toga, 1989. godine implementirana je Strategija obalnog razvoja kako bi se strateške regije duž obale zemlje koristile kao katalizatori ekonomskog razvoja.

1990 -ih i nadalje

Do 1990 -ih u svijetu je došlo do uspona globalnih lanaca vrijednosti i transnacionalnih proizvodnih linija, a Kina je nudila jeftino proizvodno središte zbog niskih troškova rada.

Zaokružujući devedesete, Zapadna razvojna strategija implementirana je 1999. godine, nazvana program „Otvorite Zapad“. Ovaj je program radio na izgradnji infrastrukture i obrazovanja za zadržavanje talenata u kineskoj ekonomiji, s ciljem privlačenja daljnjih stranih ulaganja.

Konačno, Kina se zvanično pridružila Svjetskoj trgovinskoj organizaciji 2001. godine što joj je omogućilo da napreduje punom parom.


Čitava istorija svijeta - zaista, cijela - destilirana je u jednu prekrasnu tabelu

Ovu "Histomapu", koju je stvorio John B. Sparks, prvi je štampao Rand McNally 1931. (Zbirka karata Davida Rumseyja ovdje nudi potpuno zumiranu verziju.) (Update: Kliknite na donju sliku da biste došli do veće verzije.)

Ovaj džinovski, ambiciozan grafikon uredno se uklopio sa trendom u publicističkom izdavaštvu dvadesetih i tridesetih godina prošlog stoljeća: „konturom“ u kojoj su destilirani veliki predmeti (povijest svijeta! Svaka škola filozofije! Sva moderna fizika!) oblik razumljiv najobrazovanijem laiku.

Histomapa duga 5 stopa prodana je za 1 USD i presavijena u zelenu koricu, na kojoj su bile preporuke povjesničara i recenzenata. Grafikon je reklamiran kao "jasan, živopisan i lišen elaboracije", dok je u isto vrijeme sposoban "zadržati vas očaranim" predstavljajući:

Tabela naglašava dominaciju, koristeći boju kako bi pokazala kako se moć različitih „naroda“ (kvazi-rasno razumijevanje prirode ljudskih grupa, u to vrijeme prilično popularna) razvijala kroz historiju.

Nije jasno šta širina obojenih tokova treba da označi. Drugim riječima, ako Y osa grafikona jasno predstavlja vrijeme, šta predstavlja X os (označena kao "relativna moć savremenih država, nacija i carstava")? Šta znači "moć" za tvorca karte? I je li Sparks na povijest gledao kao na igru ​​s nultom sumom, u kojoj bi se narodi i nacije borili za udjele ograničenih resursa? S obzirom na vrijeme kada je započeo svoj poduhvat - napravio je ovaj grafikon između dva svjetska rata i na početku velike depresije - ovo je možda bilo njegovo razmišljanje.

Sparks je nastavio uspjeh ove histomape objavljujući još najmanje dvije: histomapu religije (koju nisam uspio pronaći na internetu) i histomapu evolucije.

Ažuriranje, 29. aprila 2015: Ovaj je post ažuriran radi jasnoće.


Nabukodonozor Haldejski

Nabukodonozor je bio popularni babilonski kralj koji je vladao prijestoljem u vrijeme judejskog izgnanstva. Zapadnjacima je poznat kao Nabukodonozor i Nabukodonosor kako se njegovo ime izgovaralo u davna vremena. Kaldajski je bio dijalekt aramejskog, a nekada je bio službeni jezik na Bliskom istoku i u Mezopotamiji nakon što su Babilonci stekli vlast nad Asircima. Službeno ime Nabukodonozora izgovoreno je i napisano na ovom drevnom jeziku. Njegovo ime znači “Nabu brani mog sina ” ili ” miljenik Nabu ”. Božanstvo Nabu bilo je sin babilonskog vrhovnog boga Marduka, a Nabukodonozor je po tom božanstvu dobio ime po svom ocu kralju Nebopolasseru, koji je smatrao da ga favorizira Marduk.

Ove članke su napisali izdavači Nevjerovatna biblijska vremenska linija
Brzo pogledajte zajedno 6000 godina Biblije i svjetske historije

Jedinstveni kružni format - vidite više na manje prostora.
Naučite činjenice da ne možete naučiti samo čitajući Bibliju
Atraktivan dizajn idealno za vaš dom, ured, crkvu i#8230

Nabukodonosor je zauzeo vavilonsko prijestolje 605. godine p.n.e. kada mu je otac preminuo prirodnim uzrocima. Tada se pojavljuje na Biblijski grafikon vremenske linije. Prije nego što je postao kralj, bio je glavni agent u Nabopolassaru i vodio je mnoge bitke za proširenje Vavilonskog carstva. Nebukadnezarov otac#8217 pobijedio je Asirce i od ovog događaja Vavilonci su počeli dominirati različitim kulturama na cijelom Bliskom istoku i u Mezopotamiji.

Biblija kaže da mu je prije nego što je Nabukodonozor započeo osvajanje, Gospodin rekao da bi trebao dominirati u Judeji. Bog se otkrio Nabukodonozoru, a to se vjerovatno dogodilo kroz snove koje je imao i kroz ugled hebrejskog naroda. Nabukodonozorov otac#8217 napravio je točku na traženju drevnih zapisa kako bi se mogao pokloniti poganskim božanstvima iz prošlosti. Ovo je također vjerojatno pomoglo nadahnuti Nabukodonozora da osvoji Judu budući da su Asirci dobili Božje otkriće da su dobili ovaj zadatak za Izraelce koje su porazili. Također treba imati na umu da su mnogi Izraelci živjeli u Asiriji nakon što su ga preuzeli Babilonci, a i oni su otkrili Boga babilonskim vladarima.

Nabukodonozor je svojim osvajanjima postao vrlo moćan i uspješan, a poraz Jude jedna je od njegovih najvažnijih pobjeda. Nekoliko godina nakon što je osvojio Judeju, imao je određenu grupu mladih hebrejskih dječaka koji su se obrazovali na njegovom dvoru. Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach i Abednego bili su mladići koji su mu zaista otkrili Boga svojim prisustvom.

Nabukodonozor je bio sklon sanjati čudne snove koji su ga duboko uznemirivali i obično bi pokušao da kaldejski mudraci protumače te snove. Kaldejski mudraci nisu mogli tumačiti njegove snove, ali uz Božju pomoć Daniel je uspio reći Nabukodonozoru o svojim snovima.

Kralj Nabukodonozor je poludio tokom sedmogodišnjeg perioda svoje vladavine. Nabukodonosor je iskreno vjerovao da se tokom svoje vladavine držao tako uspješnim i neće priznati da Bog stoji iza njegovih postignuća. Tako je Bog otkrio Nabukodonozoru da će poludjeti i vjerovao da je divlja životinja. Daniel je rekao babilonskom kralju da će se to dogoditi i na kraju se to dogodilo. Nakon što je ovaj period prošao, Bog je dopustio Nabukodonozoru da povrati razum. Tada je bio dovoljno skroman da prizna da je Gospodin Jevreja jedini pravi i živi Bog.


Neke razlike u životu između starog i modernog svijeta

U vreme bez mobilnih telefona, računara, telefona, automobila, frižidera i svih zvučnih signala, zujanja i buke savremenog života, tišina je bila uobičajena. U vrijeme kada je svjetsko stanovništvo imalo manje od 50 miliona, samoća je bila uobičajena. U vrijeme kada je stanovništvo živjelo ili umiralo prema veličini njihove godišnje godišnje žetve, štednja je bila norma. Ovaj će rad spomenuti samo neke.

Po zamisli, čovjek je uvijek primao informacije iz svijeta izvan sebe putem svojih osjetila. Međutim, u davna vremena ljudska osjetila su bila ograničena u onome što su mogli iskusiti u lokalnom okruženju. Danas su takva ograničenja daleko manja.

Drevni – Bez fotografija i s rijetkim crtežima i slikama, čovjekov vizualni unos bio je ograničen na znamenitosti njegove neposredne okoline. Malo je ljudi vidjelo snijeg i džungle, planine, šume i okeane jer su rijetko putovali više od nekoliko desetina milja od kuće, a te se značajke rijetko nalaze zajedno. Putnici su mogli opisati karakteristike prijateljima kod kuće, ali izravno iskustvo različitih znamenitosti nije bilo uobičajeno. Uz malo pisanih dokumenata i malo pismenosti, čitanje i analiza dokumenata bilo je neobično.

Ljudi u Kanaanu imali su prednost u odnosu na mnoge druge drevne narode u svojim vizuelnim iskustvima iz dva razloga. Prvo, Kanaan ima snijeg i planine (planina Hermon i okolina), šume (Liban, Galileja, sliv rijeke Jordan), pustinje (na jugu oko Beršebe, Negeva) i Sredozemno more. Kako su nacije odmicale, Kanaan je mali (po površini kopna uporediv sa modernom Slovenijom ili El Salvadorom), a stanovnici zemlje imali su samo nekoliko tjedana putovanja od pustinja u planinama na sjeveru (Beerheba do planine Hermon je nešto više od 200 milja starim putevima). Udaljenost od rijeke Jordan na istoku i Sredozemnog mora na zapadu je samo 60 milja. Drugo, Kanaan je bio raskrsnica trgovine između Mezopotamije, Arabije, Afrike, Azije i Evrope. Ljudi su mogli vidjeti trgovce iz Indije kako donose paunove i slonove, one iz Jemena koji donose zlato i začine, te one iz Evrope koji trguju krznom. Asirija i Egipat bili su moćna carstva u usporedbi s bijednim Izraelom, ali dok prosječni Asirci možda nikada nisu vidjeli ocean, a prosječni Egipćani možda nikada nisu vidjeli snijeg ili planine, obični Izraelci su lako mogli doživjeti oboje. Malo se mjesta na svijetu može pohvaliti takvom raznolikošću na tako malom području.

Moderna tehnologija#8211 omogućava gotovo svakome da ima gotovo bilo koju vrstu vizualnog unosa, bez obzira na okruženje. S milijunima dokumenata o svakoj zamislivoj temi koji su većini ljudi dostupni u trenu, ljudi mogu potrošiti veliki postotak svog vremena na njih.

Drevni - Zvukovi prirode, ljudski glas i zvukovi nekoliko stvari koje je stvorio čovjek, poput škripe i stenjanja volovskih kola i sukoba mačeva, sadržavali su zvukove koji su se mogli čuti. Ukupna razina buke, osim u blizini inherentno bučnih mjesta poput vodopada, bila je niska. Razgovor se odvija na oko 60 decibela (db), a zvuk velikog vodopada poput Niagare mogao bi prevrnuti 100 decibela. Ljudski uzvik, poput onog što su ljudi mogli čuti u ratu, iznosi oko 90 db. Naši preci rijetko bi čuli nešto glasnije.

Moderno – Jedino ograničenje zvukova kojima se čovjek može izložiti je sposobnost ljudskog uha. Mogu se slušati zvuci iz dubokog mora ili visoke atmosfere, zvukovi koje niko nikada nije lično doživio.

Ukupna razina buke u gradovima je relativno visoka, promet se kreće oko 80 db, a polijetanje aviona 140 db. Budući da preko 50% čovječanstva živi u gradovima, većina ljudi osjeća više zvukova nego njihovi preci.

Drevni – Mirisi dostupni čovjeku bili su mirisi prirodnog svijeta koji ih je okruživao. Abraham, na primjer, vjerovatno nikada nije osjetio miris cimeta, muškatnog oraščića ili klinčića. Zbog povećanja trgovine, apostoli su možda imali.

Moderni mirisi ograničeni su od vida ili zvukova jer je teže prenijeti kemikalije putem interneta od elektrona. Bez obzira na to, hrana, cvijeće i drugi mirisni predmeti mogu se prenijeti diljem svijeta za nekoliko sati.

Drevni – Kao i mirisi, hrana nije mogla daleko putovati, pa su ljudi iskusili samo ono što je lokalno. Budući da je Kanaan bio kopneni most za trgovinu između kontinenata, Izraelci bi imali priliku iskusiti mnogo više.

Moderno – Kao i kod mirisa, jedino ograničenje ukusa koje se danas može osjetiti su ograničenja ljudskog tijela.

Drevni - taktilni podražaji isti su u cijelom svijetu.

Savremeni drevni čovjek bio je daleko manje zaštićen od vrućeg, hladnog, grubog, glatkog i drugih takvih podražaja nego što smo mi danas. Mnogi od nas provode dane u klimatiziranim kućama, zgradama i vozilima.

Važno je napomenuti da su stari ljudi, iako su imali manju raznolikost podražaja za promatranje, mogli primijetiti dublje nego mi danas.

U antici je čovjekom upravljala stvarnost prirode na način na koji rijetki koji danas žive mogu zamisliti. Sunčani satovi, vodeni satovi i drugi uređaji korišteni su za mjerenje vremena u antičkom svijetu, ali mehanički satovi nisu izmišljeni sve do rane renesanse. Ritmovi godišnjih doba diktirali su rasporede.

Vremenski period

Drevno vještačko svjetlo, obično svijeće ili lampe upaljene maslinovim uljem, bilo je skupo. Većina ljudi je imala malo. Kad je sunce zašlo, otišli su u krevet. Borbe veće od malih jedinica se nisu mogle dogoditi noću jer zapovjednici nisu mogli kontrolirati tijela trupa. Kopnena plovidba ovisila je o zvijezdama i znamenitostima jer su putevi, sve do čuvenih asirskih cesta, sa svojim redovnim stanicama, općenito bili uski i mogli su se lako propustiti.

Obični ljudi i robovi obično su radili težak fizički rad na poljoprivredi, lovu, sakupljanju ili izgradnji, a bili su iscrpljeni kad je došlo veče. David je sate provodio sam na selu sa svojim ovcama, a Lincoln sate u šumi cijepajući drva.

Moderno – Danas je umjetno svjetlo jeftino, a rad je rjeđe težak fizički rad. Umjesto da smo budni 12-14 sati dnevno kao što su bili stari, mi smo budni 16-18 sati dnevno, većina je ispunjena aktivnošću i osjećajima.

Drevni - Mjesečeve faze i kretanje zvijezda bile su važne za vjerske obrede i za navigaciju na velike udaljenosti, posebno nautičku.

Moderna navigacija se vrši pomoću satova, karata, grafikona i radijskih i satelitskih navigacijskih pomagala. Nebeska navigacija je umjetnost koja nestaje.

Drevni - Kao uglavnom poljoprivredni ljudi, godišnja doba diktirala su čovjekove aktivnosti. Do ratova nije moglo doći tokom žetve sve dok nije bilo dovoljno ljudi da rade oboje u isto vrijeme.

Moderni – Nekoliko je u razvijenim zemljama udaljeno jednu lošu žetvu od gladovanja, pa godišnja doba imaju daleko manji utjecaj na živote ljudi.

Najveća sila dostupna čovjeku u starom svijetu bila je sila vuka vola ili konja i potiskivanje vjetra ili vode. Stoga je čovjekova sposobnost podizanja i kretanja bila ograničena (iako su, kao što su graditelji piramida pokazali, impresivna).

Čovjek može hodati oko tri do četiri milje na sat po umjerenom terenu, a karavane kamila i magaraca u prosjeku su imale istu brzinu. Uobičajeno dnevno putovanje je bilo 25 do 30 milja, iako je bilo moguće ići brže ako su putevi dobri. Putevi su se pravili od prljavštine do rimskog doba, a nevolje autoputeva bile su uobičajene. Deve su morale provesti i do dva mjeseca između dugih putovanja kako bi se oporavile. Karavanske rute slijedile su ustaljene staze ili puteve između vodenih točaka. Morala se donijeti stočna hrana, s otprilike 30 tovara stočne hrane na svakih 100 tovara robe. Svaka bi deva nosila teret do 300 kilograma. Tipičan teret bio je vuna, pamuk, čaj, začini, drago kamenje i industrijska roba. Karavan može uključivati ​​150 deva, otprilike osam dosijea od 18 deva po dosijeu, za ukupno 22,5 tona (45 000 funti).

Vodeni transport se odvijao veslačkim ili jedrenjačkim brodovima. Ovisno o vjetrovima i struji, trireme (starogrčki brodovi s redovima i jedrima) obično su putovali šest do sedam milja na sat i dnevno prevalili 60 milja. Većina brodova bi noću ostala blizu obale i usidrila se kako bi izbjegla nasukavanje osim ako nisu u vrlo poznatom moru. Do 240. godine prije Krista, Grci su koristili teretne brodove koji su svaki mogli nositi 500 tona (1.000.000 funti). Nije ni čudo što je pomorska trgovina bila daleko jeftinija od kopnene.

Nasuprot tome, savremeni kamioni mogu preći 400 milja u jednom danu dok prevoze 24 tone (48.000 lbs). Moderni ultra veliki kontejnerski brodovi (ULCV) mogu nositi do 15.000 jedinica ekvivalentnih dvadeset stopa (TEU). Svaki TEU predstavlja približno 24 tone (48.000 lbs). Tako jedan moderan ULCV može podnijeti otprilike 360.000 opterećenja.

Zdravlje je bila jedna od najvećih razlika između antičkog i modernog doba. Još u Engleskoj u 18. stoljeću, 25 žena je umrlo na svakih 1000 rođenih beba. Prema procjenama koristeći podatke iz Rimskog Carstva, oko 300 od svakih 1000 novorođenčadi umrlo je prije navršene prve godine. Pobačaj i čedomorstvo, uobičajena praksa, umjetno povećavaju taj broj, ali moderna neindustrijska društva ponekad imaju stopu smrtnosti dojenčadi i do 200/1000. Prosječni životni vijek bio je 25 godina, ali ljudi koji su doživjeli punoljetnost vjerovatno su prešli 60 -te ili 70 -e godine.

Nasuprot tome, savremeni očekivani životni vijek pri rođenju u zapadnom svijetu iznosi 75 do 80 godina, a smrtnost odojčadi je otprilike tri do pet smrtnih slučajeva na 1.000 rođenih. Majčinska smrtnost je otprilike 10 umrlih na 100.000 živorođene djece.

O ovoj su temi napisane biblioteke, ali studenti historije i historijskih dokumenata poput Biblije trebaju biti svjesni ovih važnih činjenica. Jasnije razumijevanje života naših predaka pomoći će nam da bolje razumijemo njihove misli, postupke i živote. Takođe će nam pomoći da bolje identifikujemo lekcije iz istorije i primijenimo ih na naš današnji svijet.


Forum globalne politike

Egipatsko carstvo (3100. pne do 30. pne)
Carstvo Norte Chico (3000-1800 pne)
Dolina Inda: Carstva: Harappa i Mohenjo-Darro (2550-1550 pne)
Akadsko carstvo (2500-2000 pne)
Vavilonsko carstvo (1792-1595 pne)
Drevna kineska carstva: Shang (1751-1111 pne), Chou (1000-800 pne), itd.
Hetitsko carstvo (1500-1200 pne)
Asirsko carstvo (1244-612. Pne.)
Perzijska carstva (550. pne. Do 637. godine), uključujući Ahemenidsko carstvo (550.-330. Pne.), Sasanijsko carstvo (224. pne.-651. p. N. E.)
Kartaško carstvo (oko 475-146. P. N. E.)
Atensko carstvo (461-440 pne, 362-355 pne)
Makedonsko carstvo (359.-323. P. N. E.)
Rimsko carstvo (264. pne. Do 476. n. E.)
Partsko carstvo (247. pne.- 224. n. E.)

Predmoderno razdoblje (do 1500)

Afrička carstva: Etiopsko carstvo (oko 50-1974), Mali Imperij (oko 1210-1490), Songhai carstvo (1468-1590), Fulansko carstvo (oko 1800-1903)
Mezoamerička carstva esp. Carstvo Maja (oko 300-900) Teotihuakansko carstvo (oko 500-750), Aztečko carstvo (1325-oko 1500)
Vizantijsko carstvo (330-1453)
Andska carstva: Carstvo Huari (600-800) Carstvo Inka (1438-1525)
Kineska predmoderna carstva: uključujući dinastiju T'ang (618-906), dinastiju Sung (906-1278)
Islamska carstva esp. Umayid/Abbasid (661-1258), Almohad (1140-1250), Almoravid (1050-1140)
Karolinško carstvo (oko 700-810)
Bugarsko carstvo (802-827, 1197-1241)
Carstva jugoistočne Azije: Kmersko carstvo (877-1431), Burmansko carstvo (1057-1287)
Novogorodsko carstvo (882-1054)
Srednjovjekovno njemačko carstvo (962-1250)
Dansko carstvo (1014-1035)
Indijska carstva, uključujući Carstvo Chola (11. st.), Carstvo Mahmuda od Gaznija (998.-1039. N. E.), Mogulsko carstvo (1526.-1805.)
Mongolsko carstvo (1206-1405)
Mamelučko carstvo (1250-1517)
Sveto Rimsko Carstvo (1254-1835)
Habsburško carstvo (1452-1806)
Osmansko carstvo (1453-1923)

Moderno razdoblje (nakon 1500.)

Portugalsko carstvo (oko 1450-1975)
Špansko carstvo (1492-1898)
Rusko carstvo/SSSR (1552-1991)
Švedsko carstvo (1560-1660)
Holandsko carstvo (1660-1962)
Britansko carstvo (1607.-oko 1980.)
Francusko carstvo (oko 1611.- oko 1980.)
Moderno kinesko carstvo: esp. Dinastija Ch'ing (1644-1911)
Austrijsko/Austro-Ugarsko Carstvo (oko 1700-1918) [vidi i Habsburško Carstvo]
Američko carstvo (1776-danas)
Brazilsko carstvo (1822-1889)
Njemačko carstvo (1871-1918, 1939-1945)
Japansko carstvo (1871-1945)
Italijansko carstvo (1889-1942)


Svijet 500 pne

U to vrijeme žive neki od najvećih mislilaca u čitavoj svjetskoj historiji. Njihovo učenje imaće trajan uticaj na istoriju čovječanstva, sve do današnjih dana.

Pretplatite se na još sjajniji sadržaj - i uklonite oglase

Civilizacije

Pretplatite se na još sjajniji sadržaj - i uklonite oglase

Svjetska povijest 500. godine prije nove ere - klasični svijet se oblikuje

Veliki mislioci

U to vrijeme mnoge klasične civilizacije drevnog svijeta ulaze u svoje razdoblje veličine: grčke, kineske, indijske i izraelske civilizacije doživljavaju nalet kreativnosti, od kojih svaka proizvodi mislioce koji će duboko oblikovati budući tok svjetske povijesti. Buda u Indiji, Konfucije u Kini, grčki filozofi jonske škole i jevrejski proroci drevnog Izraela - svi su postavili načine mišljenja čiji utjecaj je i danas s nama.

Tehnologija i kultura

U posljednjih nekoliko stoljeća tehnologija gvozdenog doba proširila se nadaleko na istočnoj hemisferi. Sada je stigao u jugoistočnu Aziju i širi se u Afriku. Gdje god stigne zamjenjuje alate iz kamenog doba koje su poljoprivrednici koristili milenijumima. To omogućava povećanje poljoprivredne produktivnosti, širenje stanovništva, rast gradova i napredak civilizacije. To je jedna od velikih prekretnica u globalnoj istoriji.

At the same time, the use of alphabetic scripts has been becoming widespread. The Aramaean script is now used throughout the Middle East. Its employment is fostered by the rise of huge imperial states in the region, and the transfers of population that this has involved.

Beyond the Middle East, the closely-related Sanskrit script has evolved amongst the Aryans in India. To the west, Phoenician traders have carried the alphabet to the Greeks, Italians (including of course the Romans) and other peoples of the Mediterranean.

Bliski istok

In the Middle East, the past few centuries have seen the rise and fall of a succession of great empires – the Assyrian, the Neo-Babylonian and the Median. Now the Persian empire rules, the largest empire so far.

Europe and Asia

The Celts are now coming to dominate France and other parts of western Europe, populating it with their hill forts and warlike chieftainships.

In the steppes of central Asia, the nomadic horsemen have become a major threat to the settled civilizations of Eurasia. In the East, these “barbarians” have already had an impact on Chinese history by helping break up the unified Zhou kingdom into numerous different states and in the West, deep raids by the Cimmerians have caused much destruction.

North of the Black Sea, the Cimmerians have been replaced as the dominant people by the Scythians, whose tribes are fanning out over a huge area from eastern Europe to central Asia. In the Easter steppes it was the Quanrong – probably related to the later Xiongnu (Huns) – who seem to predominate.

Afrika

In Africa, Iron Age farming has taken root amongst the Bantu peoples of the West African rainforest. They have started expanding outwards from their homelands.

Civilization is penetrating inner Africa from the north via the kingdom of Nubia, becoming more “African” as it travels.

Amerika

In the Western Hemisphere, several centers of the Olmec civilization of Mexico have experienced a mysterious development, with the ritual burial of great sculptures accompanying the destruction of their communities. Nevertheless, by now the Olmec culture’s influence has spread over a large area of central America.

Far to the south, the Chavin civilization, the first of a long series of urban cultures in the Andean region of South America, has appeared.

Kopajte dublje

Za detalje o različitim civilizacijama kliknite na relevantnu vremensku liniju iznad.

Više veza "Dig Deeper" može se pronaći na regionalnim kartama. Za pristup kliknite na markere na karti svijeta.


Forgotten In Time: A Journey of Discovering The Ancient Solfeggio Frequencies

We have incarnated into this human experience as divine beings with a blueprint, a set of instructions. Scientists tell us, however, that a very small percentage (3%) of these instructions make up our physiology.

Carl Sagan writes that most of our genetic information (about 97%) is unused DNA. He refers to this as "genetic gibberish."

Is it possible that most of who we are still lies dormant as our human potential?

In the old paradigm of religion, "potential" remained a mystery to the human mind, therefore we coined a mystical term called "SPIRIT." The old paradigm and its premise stated that we began as biology in the womb of our mothers.

Telliard deChardin, however, tells us that we are not a human being trying to attain a spiritual experience, but, rather, we are spiritual beings having a human experience.

This shift in perception causes a tremendous difference in the way we perceive ourselves in this third/fourth time-space continuum.

We Are Energy Beings. The Divine AS Me

Being a student of "A Course In Miracles" in the late 80’s, I was faced with a dichotomy in the idea that we are not a body. I never understood this statement fully until I began to study Quantum Physics which tells us that everything is energy and matter is not as solid as we perceive it to be.

I believe what is being stated is that at the deepest level we are not separate, as a body, as a spirit, as a soul — we are just energy-beings. This is the level of consciousness being opened to us from which a new paradigm is emerging for the purpose of healing all separation.

The popular term, "The Divine, is in me"- makes "me" separate from the Divine.

May I suggest a shift in the saying to: "The Divine, AS me" to remove the separation.

The Body As An Energy Field

As we move from genetics and concepts like Soul, "Soul Mates" and "Soul work," we move beyond physical diagnosis, into a new field of quantum physics.

In this new field, where consciousness is seen as a unified field where everything is everything else, (T.O.E. Theory - The Theory of Everything) — there are no boundaries.

There is no "this" or "that" no you or me. It is a pure field of awareness – consciousness.

I solved the dichotomy about "we are not our body" by changing my perception of genetics to energetics - realizing that we are not meant to ignore our physiology, but recognize the body as energy, vibrating at a very dense frequency.

The Human Cell. A Field of Potential

I was first introduced to DNA in 1988 when I was going through a transitional period, during which I felt that I had come to the end of everything that I believed.

A tape was given to me of a gentleman speaking in an accent, (which I thought at the time, was rather boring), and I didn’t understand what he was talking about. Then all of a sudden, as I was ready to turn it off, he said: "Quantum physics has found that there is no empty space in the human cell, but it is a teeming, electric-magnetic field of possibility or potential."

That’s all he said! But whatever frequency was contained in those words, RESONATED something inside the CORE of my BEING — and I had a KNOWING in me that the NOTHING I thought I was looking at was the EVERYTHING.

Much like in Zen, and the idea of becoming "as an empty bowl." Eastern Religions (including the Bible) refer to it as the VOID – The Nothing that is EVERYTHING – The Womb of Creation.

I knew that I was experiencing a re-birth!

The person on that tape was Dr. Deepak Chopra. I had never heard of Deepak Chopra in 1988, as he was just coming on the scene about that time. I credit him for a very important transition in my life, just from the statement he made on that tape.

Today, in retrospect, I would call my response to that statement a "cellular memory experience."

We know that intelligence is stored within the cells of the body, and when the right resonance comes and releases that information to become inherent information or inherent KNOWLEDGE – that comes from the true Self.

Is this why so many of us seem to jump from one stimuli to another looking for what will resonate in us?

A Frequency to Repair DNA?

The work being done today with energy at the cellular level really excites me, since I had been very interested in DNA before it became a part of the collective consciousness when CNN produced a special on the Genome Project in 2000.

In fact, I think it took me two years just to learn how to pronounce it (deoxyribonucleic acid did not roll off my tongue quickly). But, I was determined to understand this tremendously powerful energetic blueprint for life, as we know it, at the cellular level on this planet.

As I pursued my passion for the study of DNA, I attended a workshop by Dr. Robert Girard from California on DNA Activation. His work focused on using certain sounds and frequencies to activate DNA and I started offering DNA Activation workshops.

Through those workshops, an article was given to me that reported how biochemists are using the frequency 528 Hz to repair human DNA. The article stated that it was a "C." When I read that I thought, "All I would need to do is go to a piano or other instrument and play a "C" and then, in the DNA workshops we would be able to repair DNA."

How I found out about the Ancient Solfeggio Frequencies

Well, it wasn’t that simple, because I discovered that the regular "C" that we all know of in this culture (which is from the diatonic scale of do, re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, do) was not the 528 Hz frequency "C", as described in the article.

Instead, I discovered that a current 12-tone temperament "C" vibrates to a frequency of only 512 Hz (based on cycles of 8 or 523 Hz on a standard piano tuning), and that the "C" of 528 Hz used in DNA repair had been a part of a set of ancient frequencies called the Solfeggio.

Moreover, the difference in the frequencies existed because of different tuning methods that were utilized in ancient times, vs. those in general use today. Later, we will explore that difference between how we create music today vs. how we used to create it, and how that simple change has made all of the difference in the world.

I found these ancient frequencies to be part of a 6-tone sequence of electro-magnetic frequencies called the Original Solfeggio through the book "The Healing Codes of Biological Apocalypse" by Dr. Leonard Horowitz. These particular frequencies were rediscovered by Dr. Joseph Puleo, who received them in a wonderful experience that some would suggest was mystical.

These frequencies are not something new, but they are something very old.

My First Set of Solfeggio Tuning Forks

I shared the information about these frequencies with Aryiana, a musician friend who had a studio in her home. After reviewing the information, she decided that she would like to experiment with these frequencies in the form of meditation music.

She was also in touch with Jonathan Goldman (author of the book, "Healing Sounds") and he knew of these frequencies, and was using them in some of his music such as "The Lost Chord" CD. Aryiana requested that he have the tuning forks made for her to research the frequencies. I asked if she could also have a set made for me.

After I received the tuning forks and began talking about them around the country, I noticed that people were resonating with the information about these powerful frequencies. It felt as though something was going on in a much larger picture.

We were connecting energetically to this information, and yet I didn’t know what I was going to do with the tuning forks.

The Birth of SomaEnergetics

In 1999, Friends began to ask if I could use the tuning forks on them. From those experiences, along with information I had gathered, a series of techniques began to develop.

The main frequency that I knew the most about was 528 Hz (that the article indicated that biochemists were using for DNA repair). I also knew that the right side of the body is controlled by the left-brain, and the left side by the right-brain and DNA comes thru the Mother’s side and Father’s side through the chromosomes.

In the beginning I would sound the fork and listen as I moved the fork down each side of the body. I began to notice a tremendous imbalance in the sound between the two sides with most people.

The purpose of energy work, as many of you know, is to attain balance. For example, if everything is in balance, such as the ph level, the physical body can heal more naturally. It’s the same way in our energy bodies.

If we can find that energy balance, that equilibrium, where everything aligns or everything comes into synchronization into the rhythm of the dance of life – then healing becomes the natural state. It’s nothing supernatural, or miraculous.

Spiritual texts have referred to this idea when they describe, "going home to heaven." Heaven, to me, is the complete synchronization with higher frequencies and vibrations of creation being totally entrained. In other words, being in a state of at-one-ment.

When I would continue the technique, the sound would begin to even out between the male and female sides of the body, and the client would indicate they were "feeling" a shift. As that would occur, I was totally amazed, and asked myself, "What is happening here?"

Through these special frequencies could I get in touch with our inner male and female energies and determine if they were in balance or was one ancestry dominant? Could we then use vibration and sound to bring balance and create a shift for our clients?

Although I’ve been a speaker of spiritual things for over 40 years, I can’t tell you that I’ve been the most intuitive person in the world. All of a sudden I started having certain feelings about what to do with the forks.

I found that at some point in working with the client, I stopped "doing" the tuning forks (being the initiator of the technique), and they started "doing me" – seeming to direct the movement of the forks! After hundreds of tunings and positive testimonies, I have learned to trust the Ancient Solfeggio frequencies in the form of Tuning Forks as a legitimate modality.

Hence, the birth of SomaEnergetics. Soma means "body" in the Greek. SomaEnergeticscombines the wholistic idea of the body as an energy fieldsa vibrational sound techniquesdesigned to bridge the gap to 5th dimensional energiesby harnessing the power of the Solfeggio frequencies.

Energy and Relationship

Everything is relationship. I remember Dr. Fred Wolf, who is a physicist stating on a tape "Everything is consciousness."

He further noted, "When you are observing an object, on some level the object is observing you." As I listened to that statement, I thought it was strange. I then realized that because something doesn’t have a human consciousness, as I do, that doesn’t mean it doesn’t have it’s own consciousness. Apparently, observing something changes it on some level – that the observer, and the observed are one.

I consider the Solfeggio tuning forks a conscious "entity." They are energy, they’re vibration, they’re frequency – the client is vibration, frequency and energy – I am vibration, frequency and energy. All of that coming together begins to produce a synergetic experience that takes place on many levels.

The energy bodies that we focus on using the Solfeggio Frequencies are the physical, the etheric, the mental/emotional, and the astral.

Sound, Vibration and Form

For more than 200 years, researchers have been validating the connections of Sound and Vibrations on physical form.

The first to make that connection was German scientist Ernst Chladni, who, in 1787, detailed his research in his book "Discoveries Concerning the Theory of Music."

In that pioneering work, he explained ways to make sound waves generate visible structures. He detailed how a violin bow, drawn at a right angle across a flat plate covered with sand, produces patterns and shapes.

Danas, those patterns and shapes are called Chladni figures. (Coincidentally, Chladni died in 1829, the same year as Beethoven. Mozart, a Free Mason, heavily influenced Beethoven about the mathematics of music, and likely influenced Chladni as well). 1

In 1815, Mathematician Nathaniel Bowditch followed up on Chaldi’s discoveries. He concluded that the conditions for these designs to arise were because the frequencies, or oscillations per second, were in whole number ratios to each other—such as 1:1, 1:2, 1:3 and so on. 2

Cymatics: The Forms of Sound

The study of wave phenomena, the ability of sound to organize and repattern matter, is called Cymatics. According to John Beaulieu, in Music and Sound in the Healing Arts , "Form is the more elusive component of sound. Sound-forms can be seen by subjecting mediums such as sand, water, or clay to a continuous sound vibration."

The following pictures taken by Dr. Hans Jenny are sound-forms. They were obtained by placing various mediums on a steel plate with a crystal sound oscillator attached to the bottom. The Oscillator creates a pulse, which vibrates the steel plate. The forms on the plate are examples of sound organizing matter."

Jenny also "noticed that when the vowels of ancient languages like Hebrew and Sanskrit were pronounced, the sand took the shape of the written symbols for those vowels."

"Space is not empty. It is full, a plenum as opposed to a vacuum, and is the ground for the existence of everything, including ourselves. The universe is not separate from this cosmic sea of energy." David Bohm

Jenny concluded there were examples of cymatic elements everywhere—"vibrations, oscillations, pulses, wave motions, pendulum motions, rhythmic courses of events, serial sequences, and their effects and actions"—and they effected everything including biological evolution.

The evidence convincingly demonstrated that all natural phenomena were ultimately dependent on, if not entirely determined by the frequencies of vibration. He argued that physical healing could be aided or hindered by tones. Different frequencies influenced genes, cells, and various structures in the body, he claimed.

Vibration of Music of the Spheres: "Every cell pulsates, reflects and interacts with acoustic oscillations of the medium. Even the earth and sun vibrate in unison based on a main rhythm of 160 minutes. Each musical note is therefore united to non-audible notes of higher octaves, and each symphony to other symphonies that we do not hear, and although they make our cells oscillate and possibly resonate. Even DNA has it’s own melody. The musical nature of nuclear matter from atoms to galaxies is now recognized by official science."

In " Molecules of Emotion," by Candace Pert, Ph.D., she writes, "… basically, receptors function as scanners (sensing molecules, on a cellular level). They cluster in cellular membranes, waiting for the right ligand (much smaller molecules than receptors), to come dancing along (diffusing) through the fluid surrounding each cell, and mount them – binding with them and (tickling ) them to turn them on and get them motivated to vibrate a message into the cell. Binding of the ligand to the receptor is likened to two voices, striking the same note and producing a vibration that rings a doorbell to open the doorway to the cell."

Poet Cathie Guzetta summarized this science best when she wrote:

"The forms of snowflakes and faces of flowers may take on their shape because they are responding to some sound in nature. Likewise, it is possible that crystals, plants, and human beings may be, in some way, music that has taken on visible form."

How Did The Solfeggio Frequencies Get Lost?

I discovered that these powerful frequencies had been given to the church many years ago for a very spiritual purpose. This was back when the church was a wonderful place for the people in the villages to gather together.

The church served as a social, political, and spiritual place. People came to Mass, which at that time, was done in Latin (until Vatican II came along). When people sing in Latin or musical tones, it is very powerful, because it gets through all of the limited thought forms, and into deeper levels of the subconscious – accessing insights beyond belief systems.

As described above by Dr. Candace Pert, PhD, energy and vibration go all the way to the molecular level. She states that we have 70 different receptors on the molecules and when vibration and frequency reaches that far they begin to vibrate. Moreover, she observed, "as they begin to vibrate they sort of touch each other, and tickle each other, and they play and mount each other."

It’s this whole energetic dance ritual, at the cellular level, that opens the chromosomes and exposes the DNA to the frequencies. When we do toning, drumming, chanting, or tuning forks – it can be a way to direct energy for transformational purposes.

Sound Intention: Positive of Negative?

Vibration and sound can be used, like most things, either with positive intention or negative intention. Used negatively, it’s nothing more than control and manipulation. Most of the world has been built upon control and manipulation by the way we communicate thru language.

A lot of different texts, such as the Bible, talk about the importance of making Sound—whether it’s chants, drumming, or speaking in tongues (such as the charismatic fundamentalists do), they are just different ways that people are accessing deeper levels of themselves. I suggest to you that the Solfeggio Tuning Forks are an even purer way of doing that with positive intention.

When Dr. Joseph Puleo was researching the tones, he was directed to a Monsignor at a university in Spokane WA, who was head of the medieval department. Following a 20 minute conversation, the clergyman asked what he could assist Dr. Puleo with:

"Can you decipher Mediaeval Latin?’

‘And you know the musical scale and everything?’

‘Well then, could you tell me what ‘UT - queant laxis’ means?’

After a brief pause, the Monsignor quipped, ‘It’s none of your business’

Additionally, as Dr. Puleo researched the tones further, he came across a book on Gregorian chants by Professor Emeritus Willi Apel who "argued that the chants being used today were totally incorrect, and undermined the spirit of the Catholic faith." 1

Štaviše, Professor Apel reported that "one-hundred fifty-two chants were apparently missing. The Catholic Church presumably "lost" these original chants. The chants were based on the ancient original scale of six musical notes called the Solfeggio." 1

Trust me, nothing is lost, it’s just neatly put away however, they cannot hide from the masses what is energetically placed within the Soul.

Altered Frequencies Weakened Spiritual Impact of Hymns

According to Professor Willi Apel,1 "The origin of what is now called Solfeggio. arose from a Medieval Hymn to John the Baptist which has this peculiarity that the first six lines of the music commenced respectively on the first six successive notes of the scale, and thus the first syllable of each line was sung to a note one degree higher that the first syllable of the line that preceded it.

By degrees these syllables became associated and identified with their respective notes and as each syllable ended in a vowel, they were found to be peculiarly adapted for vocal use. Hence "Ut" was artificially replaced by "Do." Guido of Arezzo was the first to adopt them in the 11th century, and Le Marie, a French musician of the 17th century added "Si" for the seventh note of the scale, in order to complete the series."

Further research states that, "Pope Johannes later became a saint - Saint Iohannes - and then the scale was changed. The seventh note "Si" was added from his name. "Si" later became "Ti."

These changes significantly altered the frequencies sung by the masses. The alterations also weakened the spiritual impact of the Church’s hymns. Because the music held mathematical resonance, frequencies capable of spiritually inspiring mankind to be more "Godlike," the changes affected alterations in conceptual thought as well, further distancing humanity from God."

In other words, whenever you sing a Psalm, it is music to the ears. But it was originally intended to be music for the soul as well or the "secret ear."

Thus by changing the notes, high matrices of thought and to a great extent well being, was squelched. Now it is time to recover these missing notes." 1

The Hidden Meanings of the Solfeggio

I’d heard of do, re, me, fa, so, la, ti, do. I particularly responded to it whenever I hear that song by Julie Andrews from "The Sound of Music." I literally have a "brain cell firing" as it is engraved into my brain, and I see her coming over the mountain in the movie. I didn’t realize this was actually a second, modified scale. The original Solfeggio scale was actually: UT, RE, MI, FA, SO, LA.

Looking at the definitions of each of the original syllables, using hidden entries from Webster’s Dictionary and the Original Greek Apocrypha, I have determined that these original frequencies can be used for: Turning grief to joy, helping the person connect with their Source to bring forth miracles, DNA repair, connecting with spiritual family, solving situations & expressing yourself and finally, becoming more intuitive.2

Through music these tones can assist all the channels in staying open and keep the life force (the Chi) literally flowing thru the Chakra System quite freely. Is this is what the six electro-magnetic frequencies were to accomplish that were put into "lost" hymns and Gregorian chants?

Using the Solfeggio to Restore Spiritual Wholeness

I think we are living in a tremendously wonderful time, and rather than seeing the glass as "half empty," I see it as "half full." Rather than accepting "CNN’s perspective" of the world view, it’s about finding perspective thru the vision of your own heart. It is about change and transformation of mankind to the next level of evolution.

We, as Spiritual Light Workers, have made ourselves accessible at this time, by Divine Appointment, to be here to help those in humanity who choose (it’s all based upon irrevocable choice) to stay, or to go. Those who have chosen to stay will come into our lives, and we have already agreed to assist them.

It’s all about assisting other people. It’s not to be their "Healer," but to assist them in knowing who they are and connecting with their true Source.

It is about providing an atmosphere of non-judgement, a Sacred Space, for the purpose of healing themselves. We should be continuously teaching while assisting people.

The old paradigm teaches us to keep the information among the professionals. The new paradigm is to share the information, and empower the client. Everyone you work with—whether it’s Reiki, Massage, Tuning Forks or other modalities you are using, you should feel that you’ve empowered that person, so they can extend this information to someone else.

Healing has become about our evolution by reconnecting our additional strands of DNA. Healing is also about assisting the person in restoring themselves to a state of "Spiritual Wholeness."

3, 6, and 9: Keys to the Universe

As we look at the six original Solfeggio frequencies, using the Pythagorean method, we find the base or root vibrational numbers are 3,6, & 9. Nikola Tesla tells us, and I quote: "If you only knew the magnificence of the 3, 6 and 9, then you would have a key to the universe."

John Keely, an expert in electromagnetic technologies, wrote that the vibrations of "thirds, sixths, and ninths, were extraordinarily powerful." In fact, he proved the "vibratory antagonistic thirds was thousands of times more forceful in separating hydrogen from oxygen in water than heat."

In his "Formula of Aqueous Disintegration" he wrote that, "molecular dissociation or disintegration of both simple and compound elements, whether gaseous or solid, a stream of vibratory antagonistic thirds, sixths, or ninths, on their chord mass will compel progressive subdivisions. In the disintegration of water the instrument is set on thirds, sixths, and ninths, to get the best effects."

In the book of Genesis it states that there are six days of creation. Yet many talk about the creation week – or seven days, and the Christian Bible views the number seven as the number of completeness. Why Seven? It is due to the influence of the Near Eastern culture at the time in which Jesus lived, when it was believed that there were only seven planets.

When wrestling with adding a 7th number, I was mystically drawn to an article in Discover Magazine. In his newest book, Just Six Numbers,Rees argues that six numbers underlie the fundamental physical properties of the universe, and that each is the precise value needed to permit life to flourish. In laying out this premise, he joins a long, intellectually daring line of cosmologists and astrophysicists (not to mention philosophers, theologians, and logicians) stretching all the way back to Galileo, who presume to ask: Why are we here? As Rees puts it, "These six numbers constitute a recipe for the universe." He adds that if any one of the numbers were different "even to the tiniest degree, there would be no stars, no complex elements, no life." (From Discovery Magazine). As some authors have speculated, could these tones have played a role in the miraculous shattering of Jericho’s great wall in six days before falling on the seventh day? Some scientists are now stating that if we have been created, we most likely would have been sung into existence. Is it possible that the six days of creation mentioned in Genesis represent six fundamental frequencies that underlie the universe? Religious scholars believe both events occurred as a result of sounds being spoken or played.

Other scientists, including the geniuses Nikola Tesla, Raymond Rife, as well as Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven, and Chladni, all must have known about, and used the concept of, the inherent power of threes, sixes, and nines. So we are dealing with three powerful numbers: 3-6-9. Everyone of the six Solfeggio Tuning Forks all add up, individually to the Pythagorean scheme of 3-6-9. In fact, because there are two sets of 3-6-9 (anagrams) in the solfeggio, they are even more powerful as these combinations serve as "portals" to other dimensions!

Just Intonation – 12 Tone Equal Temperament

As I observed earlier, another reason these Ancient Solfeggio frequencies became "lost" was because of the change in tuning practices throughout history. The standard tuning method for the past 200 years is quite different from the tuning practices dating from antiquity through about the 16th century A.D. These ancient tuning practices used a system of tuning known as Just Intonation. The tuning practice adopted for western cultures during the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries, and used today, is known as Twelve-Tone Equal Temperament. The explanation of the fundamentals of these tuning systems is far too complex for this agenda, but the following quote from a book written by David B. Doty, titled The Just Intonation Primer , should give an idea of the confinement that music has been relegated to. "Essentially, music has been placed in a box of limitations"— as the result of the rigidity imposed by the Twelve-Tone Equal Temperament tuning standards in use today.

"Although it is difficult to describe the special qualities of Just Intonation intervals to those who have never heard them, words such as clarity, purity, smoothness, and stability come readily to mind. The supposedly consonant intervals and chords of (12-Tone) Equal Temperament, which deviate from simple rations to varying degrees, sound rough, restless, or muddy in comparison."

Just Intonation can be found in many of the great Fathers of Classical Music – Beethoven and Hyden, just to name a few. They did not use this 12-tone temperament and I think that is why we have a richer experience when we hear music that was composed several hundred years ago. Classical Music based on Just Intonation gives us a different rapport with time and space and brings us into our higher Chakras.

Native American chanting is many times based on Just Intonation. The chanting seems to sound monotone, but we are finding out that within the monotone sound is multi-dimensional harmonics.

How these different types of tones affect our health

Consequently, since all music in our contemporary world (from commercials, to modern hymns and symphonies) has been composed utilizing the 12-Tone Equal Temperament Scale, they all have vibrational limits. As a result, vibrational frequency of the tones of modern music can create situations such as "boxed-in thinking," stuffed and suppressed emotions and fear-based " lack" consciousness—all of which then tend to manifest into physical symptoms of "dis-ease."

This is in contrast to music created from the Ancient Solfeggio, which stimulates the vibration of expanded creativity, easier problem solving and holistic health.

Again, it should be noted that although there are contemporary notes that approximate the Solfeggio tones, they are not the same frequencies as the ancient tones. Our research indicates that the vibrational frequencies contained in the Solfeggio tones hold these original healing potentials.

Other Resources:

  • John Beaulieu, "Music and Sound in the Healing Arts." Station Hill Press, 1987
  • Giuliana Conforto, "Man’s Cosmic Game," Edizioni Nowsis, 1998
  • David B. Doty, "Just Intonation Primer"
  • Jonathan Goldman, "Healing Sounds: The Power of Harmonics," Element Books, 1992
  • Leonard Horowitz and Joseph Puleo, "Healing Codes for the Biological Apocalypse," Tetrahedron Publishing Group, 1999
  • Candace Pert, PhD, "Molecules of Emotion"
  • Michael Talbot, "The Holographic Universe"
  • Dr. Rees, "Just Six Numbers"

Article © 2016 by David Hulse, C.V.S.M.T. - www.somaenergetics.com

1 Professor Apel’s and Dr. Puleo’s remarks as reported in "Healing Codes for the Biological Apocalypse"by Dr. Leonard Horowitz. Pages 58-61 Also pgs 345-6
2 Hidden Entry Meanings from the book, "Healing Codes for the Biological Apocalypse" by Dr. Leonard Horowitz. Pgs. 166-67