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USS Branch (DD-197)/ HMS Beverley


USS Branch (DD-197)/ HMS Beverley

USS Branch (DD-197) bio je razarač klase Clemson koji je imao kratku karijeru u američkoj mornarici prije nego što je služio u Kraljevskoj mornarici kao HMS Beverley, gdje je vršila vrijednu uslugu kao pratnja konvoja prije nego što ju je konačno potonuo U-188 | u proleće 1943.

The Branch je dobio ime po Johnu Branchu, sekretaru mornarice 1829-31 pod Andrewom Jacksonom. Ime je izvorno dodijeljeno DD-310, koje se tada gradilo na Zapadnoj obali, ali Brankova unuka Laurie O'Brien Branch, sponzor broda, nije uspjela krenuti na cross-country putovanje, pa je naziv prenijet u DD -197, koji se tada gradi u Newport News -u na istočnoj obali.

The Branch položena je u Newport News 25. oktobra 1918., pokrenuta 19. aprila 1919. i puštena u rad 26. jula 1920. Ostatak ljeta je provela u mornaričkom dvorištu Norfolk, prije nego što se pridružila Eskadrili 3, divizija 37, snagama uništavača, Atlantskoj floti. Međutim, neko vrijeme se nije pridružila svojoj jedinici, već je veći dio ostatka 1920. provela u Norfolku. Dana 4. decembra nosila je izabranog predsjednika Warrena G. Hardinga preko Hampton Roadsa na posljednjoj etapi njegovog putovanja natrag s odmora u Panami. Tek je 15. decembra započela pune probe snage, kada su joj se dva kotla pokvarila i bila joj je potrebna popravka koja je trajala do 1921.

The Branch konačno je 11. februara 1921. otputovala u svoju novu bazu u Charlestonu, Južna Karolina, zajedno sa Clemson (DD-186) i Welborn C. Wood (DD-195). Jednako novo Clemson zapravo su morali biti vučeni za posljednji dio putovanja. Nakon što su stigli u Charleston, Branch dobila je pola komplementa i ostala je u luci nekoliko mjeseci, samo je 2. marta i 19. aprila otišla na vježbe sa svojom eskadrilom. U maju je napustila Charleston kako bi se preselila u Narragansett Bay, novu bazu rezervne eskadrile. Tokom putovanja svjedočila je požaru koji je uništio stari brod linije USS Granite State u New Yorku 23. maja.

The Branch ljeto provodila prilično neaktivno, provodeći veliki dio vremena usidrena u Narragansett Bayu. Učestvovala je u taktičkim vježbama 14. juna, a krajem mjeseca je učestvovala u vježbama sa bivšim bojnim brodom USS Iowa, zatim radio-upravljani ciljni brod po imenu Bojni bojni brod No.4. Ovo je bio dio šire pripreme za čuvene zračne napade na stare ratne brodove u julu 1921. godine, koji su okončani potonućem bivšeg njemačkog bojnog broda Ostfriesland. Srpanj je prošao na sličan način, s mješavinom kratkih vježbi i vremena provedenog u neaktivnosti.

Krajem jula godine Branch preselio se u New York, na početku mjesec dana obuke rezervista, pokupivši prvih deset rezervista 30. jula, a drugu grupu 19. avgusta. U septembru ju je vidjela kako sudjeluje u vježbanju torpeda, pa je čak 14. septembra ispalila neka stvarna torpeda. U tom periodu bila je smještena u Newportu. Napustila je Newport 30. septembra i preselila se na jug u svoju novu zimsku bazu u Charlestonu, koja je stigla 11. oktobra. Vratila se u Norfolk između sredine novembra i početka januara 1922. godine, gdje je ostala do kraja maja 1922. godine.

The Branch sada je izabran za stavljanje izvan pogona u sklopu poslijeratnog smanjenja veličine mornarice. U Philadelphiju je stigla 5. juna, a napuštena je 11. avgusta 1922.

The Branch nije ponovno angažiran sve do 4. prosinca 1939. u sklopu širenja američke mornarice nakon izbijanja rata u Europi. Pridružila se Neutrality Patrol -u u Norfolku u januaru 1940., uprkos nekim problemima sa otvorima luke izazvanim sudarima sa nepoznatim objektom na putu za Norfolk. Njena prva patrola počela je 29. januara, ali je trajala samo nekoliko dana. Zatim se morala vratiti u Philadelphiju kako bi riješili probleme sa vratilom u suhom pristaništu.

Nakon završetka ovog posla, Branch preselio u Portoriko. Svoju drugu patrolu započela je 7. marta patrolirajući vodama na jugu i jugozapadu. U tom je razdoblju naišla na dvije britanske lake krstarice, tražeći područje u potrazi za njemačkim trkačima u blokadi. The Branch pokušao je zasjeniti drugu od ovih krstarica početkom 11. marta, ali je ubrzo ostavljen kada je britanski brod ugasio svjetla i povećao brzinu.

Treća patrola neutralnosti počela je 18. marta, ovaj put uveliko kod zapadne obale Portorika. To je trajalo do kraja marta.

Time je završeno Podružnice vrijeme s patrolom neutralnosti. U srpnju je sudjelovala u vježbama na južnom poligonu kod istočne obale SAD-a, a od 27. jula do 9. augusta povela je 81 rezervistu iz Brooklyna na njihovo godišnje krstarenje (ovo ju je moralo učiniti jako skučenim brodom!). Krajem augusta sudjelovala je u još jednoj vježbi na južnom poligonu, a u rujnu je odradila svoju posljednju službu za američku mornaricu, krstaricu za obuku rezervista iz Washingtona.

HMS Beverley

The Branch tada je izabran za jednog od pedeset razarača koji su otišli u Britaniju prema sporazumu 'Razarači za baze'. Napustila je Norfolk 3. oktobra i stigla u Halifax, Nova Škotska, 5. oktobra. Izbačena je iz američke mornarice 8. oktobra i primljena u sastav Kraljevske mornarice kao HMS Beverley istog dana. Pridružila se trećoj floti "Town" na putovanju preko Atlantika, a stigla je u Belfast 24. oktobra 1940.

The Branch korištena je kao pratnja konvoja većinu svog vremena u britanskoj službi. Veći dio 1941. provela je djelujući u Atlantiku, gdje je u ožujku, lipnju i listopadu izvodila napade na podmornice, iako bez uspjeha.

U ljeto 1941. preselila se u južne vode. U srpnju je ispratila 9. flotilu za lansiranje motora koja se kretala iz Plymoutha u Gibraltar, stigavši ​​15. jula. Dana 18. jula napustila je Gibraltar kao dio pratnje za konvoj HG.68, koji se vratio u Veliku Britaniju. Međutim, 19. jula odvojena je od konvoja kako bi zauzela francuski trgovački brod Vichy Isac, mrtva u vodi nakon što su joj motori sabotirani. The Beverley vukla svoj dio puta natrag do Gibraltara, prije nego što je tegljač preuzeo. Zatim je učestvovala u operaciji Substance, prateći naftnu flotu Brown Ranger 21. i 23. jula i 25. jula. Zatim se vratila u Veliku Britaniju kao dio pratnje konvoja HG.69.

The Beverley proveo je neko vrijeme i u ruskim konvojima. U aprilu 1942. ispratila je konvoj PQ-14 iz Islanda u Rusiju. Zatim je postala dio pratnje za povratno putovanje konvoja QP-11. Ovaj konvoj napustio je ulazni dio Kole 28. aprila 1942. godine i ubrzo je bio pod mornaričkim i zračnim napadom. Predvodnik snaga pratnje, krstarica HMS Edinburgh, je torpedovao U-456 | 29. aprila i morao je zaostati, uzevši dva razarača u pratnju. Ovo je ostavilo konvoj pod stražom četiri starija razarača - Beverley, HMS Amazon iz 1926. i HMS Beagle i HMS Buldog od 1930. Sva četiri su modificirana da djeluju kao protupodmornički ratni brodovi, sa smanjenim površinskim naoružanjem. Tako su bili u nešto nepovoljnijem položaju kada su još tri moderna njemačka razarača, Herman Schoemann, Z 24 i Z 25, napadnuta rano 1. maja. Nijemci su pokušali napasti konvoj pet puta, ali su ih u svakoj prilici natjerali njihovi manje moćni protivnici. Na kraju su krenuli u napad na Edinburgh, pošto je uspio potopiti samo jedan brod u konvoju. Nijemce su također otjerali Edinburgh i njena pratnja, uz gubitak Herman Schoemann, iako su uspjeli osakatiti već oštećenu krstaricu, koju je trebalo potopiti. Preostali njemački razarači povukli su se i konvoj je stigao na sigurno.

U februaru 1943. godine Beverley bio je dio pratnje konvoja SC-118. Dana 4. februara 1943. ona i HMS Vimy napadnuta U-187 |, tjerajući je na površinu napadima sa dubinskim nabojem, a zatim je utapajući puškom. Konvoj je bezbedno stigao u Londonderry 10. februara 1943.

The Beverley učestvovala je u bitkama konvoja HX-229 i SC-122 u proljeće 1943. Bila je dio pratnje grupe B4, dio pratnje konvoja HX-229, bržeg od dva konvoja. Do 16. marta dva su konvoja bila u istom području, baš kad se čopor od četrdeset podmornica krenuo u napad. Napad je počeo 16. marta, a u narednih nekoliko dana Nijemci su uspjeli potopiti desetak brodova u HX-229 i devet u SC-122. Tokom ove bitke Beverley napadnut od strane U-616, izveo težak napad na U-228 | i blizu uništenja U-530 |, s podmornicom koja je pobjegla zbog kvara Beverley's samo Mk X dubinsko punjenje.

The Beverley's sreća je konačno nestala kada je pratila konvoj ON-176. Dana 9. aprila sudarila se s trgovačkim brodom SS Cairnvolona, pretrpjela oštećenja na ASDIC -u i opremu za odmagljivanje. To ju je ostavilo ranjivom kad je naletjela U-188 | 11. aprila. Podmornica ju je torpedirala, a Beverley brzo je potonuo sa gubitkom 139 ljudi. Preživjela su samo četiri.

Zapremina (standardno)

1,190t

Zapremina (napunjena)

1,308t

Najveća brzina

35kts
35,51 kts pri 24,890shp pri 1.107t na suđenju (Preble)

Motor

2-vratila Westinghouse cijevi sa zupčanikom
4 kotla
27,000shp (dizajn)

Raspon

2.500 nm pri 20 kts (dizajn)

Oklop - remen

- paluba

Dužina

314ft 4in

Width

30ft 10.5in

Armaments

Četiri pištolja 4in/ 50
Jedan pištolj 3in/23 AA
Dvanaest torpeda od 21 inča u četiri trostruka nosača
Dva dubinska punjenja
Jedan projektor dubinskog punjenja Y-Gun

Komplement posade

114

Pokrenuto

19. aprila 1919

Pušten u rad

26 jula 1920

Potonuo U-188

11. aprila 1943


FILIJALA DD 197

U ovom odjeljku navedeni su nazivi i oznake koje je brod imao tokom svog života. Lista je hronološkim redom.

    Razarač klase Clemson
    Keel položen 25. oktobra 1918. - Pokrenut 19. aprila 1919

Naval Covers

U ovom odjeljku navedene su aktivne veze na stranice koje prikazuju naslovnice povezane s brodom. Trebalo bi postojati zaseban skup stranica za svaku inkarnaciju broda (tj. Za svaki unos u odjeljku "Naziv broda i istorija oznaka"). Naslovnice trebaju biti prikazane hronološkim redoslijedom (ili najbolje što se može odrediti).

Budući da brod može imati mnogo naslovnica, one se mogu podijeliti na mnogo stranica tako da se ne može vječno učitati. Svaka veza do stranice trebala bi biti popraćena rasponom datuma za naslovnice na toj stranici.

Poštanske marke

U ovom odjeljku navedeni su primjeri poštanskih žigova koje brod koristi. Trebalo bi postojati zaseban skup poštanskih žigova za svaku inkarnaciju broda (tj. Za svaki unos u odjeljku "Naziv broda i istorija oznaka"). Unutar svakog skupa, poštanske žigove treba navesti prema njihovom tipu klasifikacije. Ako više poštanskih žigova ima istu klasifikaciju, onda ih treba dalje sortirati prema datumu najranije poznate upotrebe.

Poštanski žig ne bi trebao biti uključen ako nije popraćen slikom izbliza i/ili slikom naslovnice koja prikazuje taj žig. Rasponi se MORAJU bazirati SAMO na omotima u MUZEJU i očekuje se da će se mijenjati s dodavanjem novih naslovnica.
 
& gt & gt & gt Ako imate bolji primjer za bilo koji poštanski žig, slobodno zamijenite postojeći primjer.


Mornarička služba Sjedinjenih Država [uredi]

Branch opremljena je u mornaričkom dvorištu Norfolk, a u oktobru je otputovala u Annapolis, Maryland, na provjeru svojih inženjerskih performansi. Prije kraja 1920. pridružila se eskadrili razarača 3, Atlantskoj floti. Sljedeće godine manevrirala je sa eskadrilom i bavila se taktičkim vježbama na atlantskoj obali, ponekad djelujući sa smanjenom provizijom s polovicom uobičajenog sastava posade. Nakon 6. januara 1922. djelovala je u blizini Charlestona, Južne Karoline i Hampton Roadsa. Dolaskom u mornaričko dvorište Philadelphia u junu, isključena je iz službe 11. avgusta 1922.

Branch ostao neaktivan u Philadelphiji sve dok 4. decembra 1939. nije ponovo upućen u službu izviđačkih snaga. Kao vodeći brod Destroyer Division 68, učestvovala je u patroli neutralnosti. U ljeto 1940. djelovala je duž istočne obale Sjedinjenih Država i obučavala rezerve. Početkom oktobra 1940. godine napustila je Newport, Rhode Island, za Halifax, Nova Škotska, gdje je 8. oktobra 1940. godine Branch je ugašen i prebačen prema Sporazumu o razaračima za baze u Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo za službu u Kraljevskoj mornarici i preimenovan u HMS Beverley.

Služba Kraljevske mornarice [uredi]

HMS Beverley stigao je u Belfast 24. listopada i modificiran je za pratnju trgovačkih konvoja uklanjanjem tri originalna topa kalibra 4 "/50 i tri trostruka nosača torpednih cijevi kako bi se smanjila težina gornje strane radi dodatnog skladištenja po dubini i postavljanja ježa. &# 912 ] U aprilu 1942. bila je pratnja za konvoj PQ 㺎 na putu za sjevernu Rusiju. Na putu konvoj je napala nadmoćnija sila neprijateljskih razarača, koji su se neopaženo približili tokom snježne oluje i ispalili nekoliko torpeda na dometu od 9.000 metara (8.200  m). Jedan trgovački brod je potopljen. Neprijatelj se vraćao četiri puta i učestvovao je u kratkim oružanim dvobojima, ali nije zatvorio domet ispod 8.000 jardi (7.300  m).

Dana 4. februara 1943., dok je pratio Atlantic Convoy SC 118 sa pratnjom grupe B-2, Beverley ugledao njemačku podmornicu  U-187 | (kasnije potonuo HMS  Vimy) jugoistočno od rta Farewell, Grenland. Također je sljedećeg dana učestvovala u napadima na druge podmornice.

Beverley dodijeljena je grupi pratnje B-4 Pratećih snaga srednjeg okeana za konvoje ON 140, ON 161, ON 169, HX 229 i ON 176. Α ] Dana 9. aprila u pratnji konvoja ON 𧆰 sudarila se sa parobrod Cairnvolona po lošem vremenu i isključili njezinu opremu za podmornice i odmagljivanje. Dva dana kasnije, torpedovali su je U-188 | kojim komanduje Kapitänleutnant Siegfried Lüdden na 52 ° 19′N 40 ° 28′W  /  52.317 ° N 40.467 ° W  / 52.317 -40.467, i potonuo sa gubitkom 139 članova svoje posade, uključujući i njenog zapovjednika .


Kao HMS Beverley [uredi | uredi izvor]

Beverley stigao je u Belfast 24. listopada i izmijenjen je za pratnju trgovačkih konvoja uklanjanjem tri originalna topa kalibra 4 "/50 i tri trostruka nosača torpednih cijevi kako bi se smanjila težina gornje strane radi dodatnog skladištenja po dubini i postavljanja ježa. &# 911 ] U aprilu 1942. bila je pratnja konvoja PQ 㺎 na putu za sjevernu Rusiju.Na putu je konvoj napala nadmoćnija sila neprijateljskih razarača, koji su se neopaženo približili tokom snježne oluje i ispalili nekoliko torpeda na domet od 9.000   jardi. Potopljen je jedan trgovački brod. Neprijatelj se vraćao četiri puta i učestvovao u kratkim oružanim dvobojima, ali nije zatvorio raspon ispod 8.000   jardi.

Dana 4. februara 1943., dok je pratio Atlantski konvoj SC-118 sa pratnjom grupe B-2, Beverley je ugledao njemačku podmornicu U-187 | (kasnije potonuo HMS Vimy) jugoistočno od rta Farewell, Grenland. Također je sljedećeg dana učestvovala u napadima na druge podmornice.

Beverley dodijeljen je pratnji grupe B-4 Srednjookeanskih eskortnih snaga za konvoje ON-140, ON-161, ON-169, HX-229 i ON-176. ΐ ] Dana 9. aprila, dok je pratila konvoj ON 𧆰, sudarila se sa parobrodom Cairnvolona po lošem vremenu i isključili njezinu opremu za podmornice i odmagljivanje. Dva dana kasnije, torpedovali su je U-188 | kojim komanduje Kapitänleutnant Siegfried Lüdden na 52 ° 19′N 40 ° 28′W  /  52.317 ° N 40.467 ° W  / 52.317 -40.467, i potonuo sa gubitkom 139 članova svoje posade, uključujući i njenog zapovjednika .


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  • Novi objekt općeg kataloga NGC 64, spiralna galaksija sa preprekama u sazviježđu Cetus
  • WOH G64 je crveni hipergigant u Velikom Magelanovom oblaku. S 1540 puta većim radijusom Sunca, jedna je od najvećih poznatih zvijezda i najveća poznata u LMC -u. Fizički parametri su još uvijek slabo poznati zbog udaljenosti, vizualne slabosti, nekoliko solarnih masa prašine u ovojnici i mogućnosti jarkog vrućeg pratioca.

  • STS-64
  • STS-64 je bila misija Otkrića svemirskog šatla, lansirana iz svemirskog centra Kennedy, Florida, 9. septembra 1994. godine, za izvođenje više eksperimentalnih paketa.
  • STS-64 označio je prvi let Lidar-ovog svemirskog tehnološkog eksperimenta (LITE) i prvu američku vanvezničku aktivnost bez veze (EVA) u posljednjih 10 godina. LITE korisni teret zapošljava lidar, što znači "Otkrivanje svjetlosti i rangiranje", vrsta optičkog radara koji koristi laserske impulse umjesto radio talasa za proučavanje Zemljine atmosfere.
  • Petog dana misije, pušten je besplatni letak sa autonomnim istraživačkim alatom sa šatlom za astronomiju-201 (SPARTAN-201) koji se koristi pomoću ruke sistema daljinskog manipulatora.
  • STS-64 je bila prva misija koja je primijenila novo napredno odijelo za bijeg s pospješenim pritiskom, koje je na kraju zamijenilo odijelo za ulazak s parcijalnim pritiskom.

  • State Department, obrazac DS-64, građanima SAD-a je potreban ako izgube ili vam ukradu pasoš
  • Odeljenje rada Poglavlje 64 reguliše zapošljavanje radnika sa invaliditetom po posebnim platama
  • Na predsjedničkim izborima u Sjedinjenim Državama 1964. godine, održanim u utorak, 3. novembra 1964., kandidat Demokratske stranke i aktuelni predsjednik Lyndon B. Johnson, koji je došao na dužnost manje od godinu dana ranije nakon ubistva svog prethodnika, Johna F. Kennedyja, i koji se uspješno povezao s Kennedyjevom popularnošću, osvojio je 61,1% glasova, što je najveći broj kandidata od 1820.

  • Na NCAA košarkaškom turniru učestvuju 64 ekipe
  • U šahu ili skici, na tabli za igru ​​nalazi se ukupno 64 crna (tamna) i bijela (svijetla) polja
  • Vitezovski obilazak šahovske ploče je niz poteza viteza tako da se svaki od 64 polja posjeti samo jednom. Brojevi viteških poteza#8217 s potezima tvore čarobni kvadrat gdje svaki red i stupac zbrajaju 260
  • 64 je naziv vodećeg ruskog šahovskog časopisa
  • NFL Hall of Famers sa dresom #64 uključuje Dave Wilcox, Linebacker (Boise Junior College, Oregon) i 1964-1974 San Francisco 49ers George Blanda, Quarterback-Kicker, 1949, 1950-58 Chicago Bears, 1950 Baltimore Colts, 1960-66 Houston Oilers, 1967-1975 Oakland Raiders Joe Delamielleure, Guard, 1973-1979, 1985 Buffalo Bills, 1980-1984 Cleveland Browns Randall McDaniel, Guard, 1988-1999 Minnesota Vikings, 2000-01 Tampa Bay Buccaneers YA Tittle, Quarterback, 1948-1950 Baltimore Colts (AAFC/NFL), 1951-1960 San Francisco 49ers, 1961-1964 New York Giants.

  • U Nacionalnoj hokejaškoj ligi dres #64 koristi James Robert McGinn IV, kanadski profesionalni hokejaš koji trenutno igra za Colorado Avalanche.

U knjigama, filmovima, muzici i na TV -u

  • Pitanje od 64.000 dolara američka je emisija koja se emitira od 1955. do 1958. godine, a koja je upletena u skandale vezane za današnje TV kvizove. Izazov vrijedan 64.000 dolara (1956–1958) bio je njegov popularni spin-off show.
  • When I ’m 64 je pjesma Johna Lennona i Pola McCartneya iz grupe The Beatles ’ Sgt. Pepper's#8217s Lonely Hearts Club Band album (1967).
  • HMS Vansittart
  • HMS Vansittart bio je Admiralitetski modificirani razarač klase W izgrađen za Kraljevsku mornaricu. Naređena joj je u januaru 1918. godine od kompanije William Beardmore & amp Company sa 13. ordenom za razarače programa hitnog rata 1918-19. Bio je to drugi brod Kraljevske mornarice koji je nosio ime koje je prvi put korišteno 1821. godine za unajmljeni paket.

  • HMS Beverley (H 64)
  • Završena u srpnju 1920. kao USS podružnica (DD 197) za američku mornaricu, 8. listopada 1940. premještena je u Kraljevsku mornaricu i preimenovana u HMS Beverley (H 64).
  • Dana 9. travnja 1943., za vrijeme trajanja konvoja u Drugom svjetskom ratu u sjevernom Atlantiku, HMS Beverley je ozbiljno oštećen u sudaru s britanskim trgovcem parom Cairnvalona i zauzeo je stanicu u stražnjem dijelu konvoja. Kada je kasnije napadnut od strane njemačkog podmornice, U-188, 30 sati kasnije pogođena je torpedima i potopljena. HMS Clover (K ​​134) (poručnik P.H. Grieves, RNR) kasnije je pokupio pet preživjelih i pronašao dva tijela, ali je jedno od preživjelih kasnije umrlo na brodu.

  • HMS ograda (D64)
  • USS Croatan (CVE-14) (prvobitno AVG-14, zatim ACV-14) prebačen je u Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo 20. februara 1943. pod zajam, gdje je služila kao HMS ograda (D64). Kao nosač protiv podmornica, Fencer je pratio atlantske, ruske i afričke konvoje, čak je i sudjelovao u napadu na njemački bojni brod Tirpitz prije nego što je prebačen na Pacifik.
  • Nakon Drugog svjetskog rata, vratila se u Sjedinjene Američke Države 21. decembra 1946., 28. januara 1947. oteta zbog odlaganja i prodata trgovačkoj službi 30. decembra pod imenom Sydney.
  • Brod je prošao kroz niz preimenovanja, prvo u Rome 1967. godine, zatim Galaxy Queen 1970., Lady Dina 1972. i konačno Karibiju 1973. prije nego što je u Kini raskinut u rujnu 1975. godine.

  • HMS Scorpion (D64)
  • HMS Scorpion (D64) bio je razarač klase oružja britanske kraljevske mornarice. Prvobitno nazvan HMS Centaur, prije lansiranja brod je preimenovan u Tomahawk i konačno Scorpion (u rujnu 1943.).
  • Scorpion je bio jedini brod klase oružja opremljen minobacačem za dubinsko punjenje Limbo, a ne starijom lignjom.
  • Godine 1953. učestvovala je na reviji flote u čast krunisanja kraljice Elizabete II.

  • HMS Tezej (R64)
  • HMS Tezej (R64) je bio nosač lakih flota klase Colossus Kraljevske mornarice, lansiran 6. jula 1944.
  • Tezej je postavljen za službu u Drugom svjetskom ratu, ali nije dovršen prije proglašenja mira 1945. Korištena je kao plovilo za obuku do izbijanja Korejskog rata, kada je raspoređena u Koreju, započinjući standardne operacije nosača.
  • Godine 1956. Tezej je korišten kao nosač hitnih komandosa, zajedno sa svojim sestrinskim brodom Ocean, tokom Suecke krize. Od novembra do decembra helikopteri iz Tezeja prevozili su trupe na obalu, kao i evakuirali ranjene vojnike. U poređenju sa njenim postupcima tokom Korejskog rata, njena uloga u Suezu bila je relativno tiha. Naredne godine stavljena je u rezervu. Naknadno je raskinuta u Inverkeithingu 1962. godine.

  • USS Wisconsin (BB-64)
  • USS Wisconsin (BB-64), “Wisky ” ili “WisKy ”, je bojni brod klase Iowa, drugi brod Mornarice Sjedinjenih Država koji je dobio ime u čast američke države Wisconsin. Lansirana je 7. decembra 1943. (druga godišnjica napada na Pearl Harbor).
  • Tokom svoje karijere, Wisconsin je služila u Pacifičkom pozorištu Drugog svjetskog rata, gdje je granatirala japanska utvrđenja i pregledavala nosače aviona Sjedinjenih Država dok su izvodili zračne napade na neprijateljske položaje.
  • Tokom rata u Koreji, Wisconsin je granatirala sjevernokorejske ciljeve u znak podrške Ujedinjenim narodima i južnokorejskim kopnenim operacijama, nakon čega je isključena.
  • Reaktivirana je 1. avgusta 1986., modernizovana i učestvovala u operaciji Pustinjska oluja u januaru i februaru 1991.
  • Wisconsin je zadnji put stavljen van pogona u septembru 1991. godine, zaradivši ukupno šest borbenih zvijezda za službu u Drugom svjetskom ratu i Koreji, kao i pohvalu Jedinice mornarice za službu tokom Zaljevskog rata u januaru/februaru 1991. godine.
  • Trenutno funkcionira kao muzejski brod kojim upravlja Nauticus, Nacionalni pomorski centar u Norfolku u Virdžiniji. .

  • USS Constellation (CV-64)
  • USS Constellation (CV-64), supernositelj klase Kitty Hawk, bio je treći brod ratne mornarice Sjedinjenih Država koji je imenovan u čast “nove zviježđa zvijezda ” na zastavi Sjedinjenih Država i jedini pomorsko plovilo koje je ikada imalo ovlaštenje za prikazivanje crvenih, bijelih i plavih oznaka.
  • Jedan od najbržih brodova u mornarici, što je dokazala njena pobjeda tokom trke u borbenoj grupi održane 1985., od strane svoje posade dobila je nadimak “Connie ”, a službeno kao “America ’s Flagship ”.
  • Lansirana je 8. oktobra 1960. i isporučena mornarici 1. oktobra 1961. godine, a puštena je u rad 27. oktobra 1961. godine, pod komandom kapetana T. J. Walkera. U to vrijeme koštala je oko 264,5 miliona američkih dolara. Constellation je bio posljednji američki nosač aviona (od 2010.) izgrađen u drugom dvorištu osim Newport News Shipbuilding & amp. Drydock Company.

  • USS Gettysburg (CG-64)
  • USS Gettysburg (CG-64) je krstarica klase Ticonderoga u mornarici Sjedinjenih Država, izgrađena u Bath Iron Works u Maineu i nazvana po bitci za Gettysburg tokom američkog građanskog rata.
  • Sa svojim navođenim raketama i brzometnim topovima sposobna je suočiti se i svladati prijetnje u zraku, na moru ili na kopnu i ispod mora. Nosi i dva višenamjenska helikoptera Seahawk LAMPS, ali uglavnom za borbu protiv podmornica (ASW).
  • Ona ima sjedište u Mayportu na Floridi.

  • U-64 |
  • Prva U-64 bila je podmornica klase U-63 u marini Kaiserliche koja je služila tokom Prvog svjetskog rata. Izgrađena je 1916. godine i služila je u Sredozemnom moru.
  • 19. marta 1917. godine, dok je bio u patroli u Tirenskom moru, U-64 je torpedirao i potonuo francuski bojni brod Danton 30 milja južno od Sardinije, sa gubitkom 296 ljudi. I sama je izgubljena 17. juna 1918. godine.

  • 1937. godine naručena je još jedna njemačka podmornica U-64, podmornica tipa IXB nacističke njemačke Kriegsmarine, koja je porinuta u septembru 1939. godine.
  • Ovaj U-64 je imao vrlo kratku karijeru i nije potopio nijedno neprijateljsko plovilo. Nakon što je 6. aprila 1940. napustila matičnu luku Wilhelmshaven za svoju prvu ratnu patrolu, presreli su je saveznički avioni sedam dana kasnije kod obala Norveške tokom invazije na tu zemlju i potopila ju je bomba iz aviona Fairey Swordfish HMS -a Warspite. Od njene posade od 46, osam ljudi je poginulo, a 38 je pobjeglo s podmornice koja tone.
  • K-64
  • Oznaka K-64 prvi je put dobila prva podmornica klase Alfa, lansirana 22. aprila 1969. godine.
  • Podmornica je 1972. pretrpjela veliki problem reaktora u obliku curenja rashladne tekućine u tekućem metalu. Pregrijani metal očvrsnuo je u dodiru sa hladnijim vanjskim zrakom, smrzavajući se i oštećujući unutrašnje komponente reaktora. Uklonjena je iz službe i odvučena u Severodvinsk.
  • Oznaka K-64 ponovo je dobila podmornica klase Delta IV lansirana 2. februara 1986. godine kao četvrti brod svoje klase, koji je stupio u službu u sastavu Sjeverne flote Rusije. Podmornica je postavljena u decembru 1982. godine i izgrađena je u pogonu Sevmash u Severodvinsku.
  • Ovaj brod je i dalje u aktivnoj službi.

  • P-64
  • P-64 je oznaka koju je zračni korpus američke vojske (USAAC) dodijelio sjevernoameričkom zrakoplovnom lovcu NA-68, nadograđenoj varijanti NA-50 razvijenoj krajem 1930-ih.
  • Šest NA-68 koje je naložilo Kraljevsko tajlandsko zrakoplovstvo zaplijenilo je prije izvoza američka vlada 1941. godine, nakon francusko-tajlandskog rata i rastućih veza između Tajlanda i Japanskog carstva. Ove zrakoplove je USAAC koristio kao nenaoružane trenere lovaca.
  • Sedam NA-50 je kupilo peruansko ratno vazduhoplovstvo, koje mu je dalo nadimak Torito (“Little Bull ”). Peruanski NA-50 kasnije su nastupili tokom Ekvadorsko-peruanskog rata 1941.

  • Grumman G-64/111 Albatross
  • Albatros je lako najveći od Grummanovih serija vodozemaca i bio je jedini izvorno razvijen posebno za vojnu službu.
  • Albatros je rezultat zahtjeva američke mornarice kasnih 1940 -ih za amfibijski transport opće namjene. Prvi prototip Albatrosa prvi je put poletio 24. listopada 1947. godine, s više od 400 serijskih HU-16 koji su potom isporučeni američkoj mornarici, obalnoj straži SAD-a i 12 drugih nacija. Vojne misije Albatros uključivale su opće izviđanje, pomorsko patroliranje, borbu protiv podmornica (u kojoj bi ulozi moglo biti naoružano torpedima i dubinskim nabojima) i potragu i spašavanje.
  • Krajem 1970 -ih, Grumman i glavni američki operater letećih čamaca Resorts International započeli su rad na programu pretvaranja Albatrosa za civilne avio -usluge. Konverzija je uključivala brojne promjene u osnovnom Albatrosu, uključujući unutrašnjost putnika sa 28 sjedala, kuhinju i odredbe za stjuardesa, nadograđenu avioniku i druge poboljšane sisteme.
  • Sveukupno je samo 13 zrakoplova preinačeno, 12 za Resorts International i 1 za Conoco Oil/Pelita koji su letjeli iz Singapura. Nekoliko njih je još uvijek aktivno, zajedno s primjerima iz bivše vojske.

  • AH-64 Apache
  • Boeing AH-64 Apache je četverokraki, dvomotorni jurišni helikopter s rasporedom stajnog trapa tipa repnog kotača i tandem kokpitom za dvočlanu posadu.
  • U početku je Apache započeo život kao model 77 koji je razvio Hughes Helicopters za program naprednih napadačkih helikoptera američke vojske za zamjenu AH-1 Cobre, a prvi put je letio 30. septembra 1975. godine.
  • AH-64 je predstavljen američkoj vojsci u aprilu 1986.
  • AH-64 Apache ima nosač senzora postavljen na nos za hvatanje ciljeva i sisteme noćnog vida naoružan je 30-milimetarskim lančanim pištoljem M230 koji se prenosi između glavnog stajnog trapa, ispod aviona i prednjeg trupa aviona i ima četiri čvrste tačke montirane na stubove krilca, obično nose mješavinu projektila AGM-114 Hellfire i raketnih čaura Hydra 70. AH-64 ima veliku količinu sistemskih viškova za poboljšanje borbene opstojnosti.
  • The first production AH-64D Apache Longbow, an upgraded version of the original Apache, was delivered to the Army in March 1997. Production has been continued by Boeing Defense, Space & Security over 1,000 AH-64s have been produced to date.
  • The U.S. Army is the primary operator of the AH-64 it has also become the primary attack helicopter of multiple nations, including Greece, Japan, Israel, the Netherlands and Singapore as well as being produced under license in the United Kingdom as the AgustaWestland Apache. U.S. AH-64s have served in conflicts in Panama, the Persian Gulf, Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq. Israel used the Apache in its military conflicts in Lebanon and the Gaza Strip both British and U.S. Apaches have seen deployments in Afghanistan and Iraq.

  • Sikorsky S-64 Skycrane
  • The Sikorsky S-64 Skycrane is an American twin-engine heavy-lift helicopter, the civil version of the United States Army’s CH-54 Tarhe. The S-64 Aircrane is the current production version, manufactured by the Erickson Air-Crane company.
  • Erickson Air-Crane purchased the type certificate and manufacturing rights in 1992 and since that date they have become the manufacturer and world’s largest operator of S-64 Aircranes. The Aircrane can be fitted with a 2,650-gallon (


USS Branch (DD-197)/ HMS Beverley - History

ISTORIJE USLUGA KRALJEVSKIH MORAČKIH RATOVA U 2. SVJETSKOM RATU
autor poručnik Geoffrey B Mason RN (Rtd) (c) 2005

HMS BEVERLEY (H 64) - ex-US Destroyer
uključujući pokrete pratnje konvoja

HMS Beverley ( Navy Photos, click to enlarge)

Ex USS BRANCH (Type A - BELMONT-Class) built by Newport News Shipbuilding. The ship was laid down on 25th October 1918 and launched on 19th April 1919. Commissioned on 3rd April 1920 for service in US Navy she was held in Reserve in 1939. The ship transferred to the RN under the Lend Lease Agreement on 8th October 1940 and commissioned at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Like other Ex US Navy destroyers that were transferred in 1940, her name was common to a town in Massachusetts, USA and in Yorkshire. It had not previously been used for an RN ship. After a WARSHIP WEEK National Savings campaign in February 1942 this destroyer was adopted by the civil community of Merthyr Tydfil, Glamorgan, Wales .

B a t t l e H o n o u r s

ATLANTIC 1940-43 - MALTA CONVOYS 1941 - ARCTIC 1942

Badge: On a Field White, a beaver proper charged on the body with

a hurt, thereon a mullet White

D e t a i l s o W a r S e r v i c e

(za više informacija o brodu idite na početnu stranicu Naval History i upišite naziv u Site Search)

8th Transferred to RN at Halifax and commissioned as HMS BEVERLEY.

Took passage from Halifax to Devonport with call at St Johns , Newfoundland.

25th Taken in hand for refit and modifications by HM Dockyard, Devonport to suit RN service

as an escort after arrival.:

19th On completion of post refit trials deployed for: local convoy defence in English Channel

December. Convoy defence in continuation.

Transferred to 6th Escort Group

January Deployed for Local Escort of convoys in NW Approaches.

March Under refit in Tyneside shipyard.

to (Note: Machinery defects had been experienced during Atlantic service.)

31st On completion of post refit trials resumed Atlantic convoy defence duties.

June Deployed for convoy defence based in Iceland.

July Transferred for escort of convoys between UK and Gibraltar.

Escorted 9th Motor Launch Flotilla for passage to Gibraltar .

Returned as part of escort for routine mercantile convoy from Gibraltar to UK.

August Under refit at Belfast. Radar Type 286 was fitted.

(Note: For details of use of radar in RN see RADAR AT SEA by D Howse. )

September On completion resumed convoy defence duties with 8th Escort Group.

Based in Londonderry and part of escort for UK - West Africa convoy.

2nd Joined military convoy WS12 in NW Approaches to supplement Local Escort.

3rd Detached from W312 and returned to Clyde.

November Deployed as part of escort for Convoy HX160 with ships of Group.

6th Joined Military convoy WS14 in Clyde for Local Escort in NW Approaches with HM

Destroyers CROOME, LANCASTER, NEWARK, SHERWOOD, WESTCOTT,

WITHERINGTON, FOXHOUND, GURKHA, NESTOR and HM Anti-aircraft

12th Detached from WS14 with HM Destroyers CROOME, LANCASTER, NEWARK ,

SHERWOOD, WESTCOTT, WITHERINGTON and HMS ULSTER QUEEN

January Transferred to 1st British Escort Group in continuation of Atlantic duties.

February Deployed for Atlantic convoy defence with Group.,

23rd Joined military convoy WS14 in Clyde for Local Escort in NW Approaches with HM

Destroyers BADSWORTH, KEPPEL. LEAMINGTON and VOLUNTEER.

25th Sustained damage in collision with HM Destroyer NEWPORT.

27th Detached with above destroyers except HMS NEWPORT and returned to Clyde.

April Nominated for detached service with Home Fleet for Russian convoy defence.

12th Deployed with HM Destroyers AMAZON, BEAGLE AND BULLDOG, HM Corvettes

CAMPANULA, OXLIP, SAXIFRAGE and SNOWFLAKE as Ocean Escort for Russian

Convoy PQ14 during passage from Iceland to Murmansk.

(Note: Cruiser Cover was provided by HM Cruiser NORFOLK.

For details of all Russian Convoy operations including names of escorts see CONVOYS

TO RUSSIA by RA Ruegg, ARCTIC CONVOYS by R Woodman ,CONVOY !

by P Kemp and THE RUSSIAN CONVOYS by B Schoefield.).

An attempt was made by German destroyers HERMANN SCHOEMANN, Z24 and Z26 to carry

out attacks on this convoy but this was frustrated by weather.

19th Detached from PQ14 on arrival in Russian waters.

28th Joined return Convoy OP11 with HMS FORESTER, FORESIGHT and same ships as PQ14 on

29th Under threat of submarine attacks.

30th HM Cruiser EDINBURGH joined convoy after embarking gold bullion at Murmansk .

Under attacks by U88 and U 456.

HMS EDINBURGH hit by torpedo from U456 and sustained serious damage.

with HMS BULLDOG, HMS BEAGLE and BEVERLEY

1st Under air attack and later attacks by German destroyer HERMANN SCHOEMANN, Z24 and

Z25 sent to attack HMS EDINBURGH

Carried out determined defence against German ships with HMS EDINBURGH and destroyers

Sustained splinter damage.

(Note: HMS EDINBURGH sustained further significant damage from return fire from enemy

The successful repulsion of six attacks on the disabled cruiser reflect great credit on the

commanding officer Commander M Richmond.)

HMS EDINBURGH detached and took passage to Murmansk with HMS FORESTER and

2nd HMS EDINBURGH subjected to further attacks by the German destroyers and had to

be abandoned after being hit by torpedo from Z25and sunk on 2nd May.

See ARCTIC CONVOYS for details.)

3rd Detached with HMS AMAZON and HMS BEVERLEY and took passage to Iceland to land

Passage to Clyde for repair and refit.

June Under repair at Belfast.

to (Note: Radar Type 271 was fitted for surface warning in place of Type 286.

July See above reference for limitations of Type 286.

HEDGEHOG Anti-submarine mortar was also fitted and Bridge structure was

For details of weapons used in Atlantic convoy defence see SEEK AND STRIKE by

Nominated for transfer to 4th Escort Group on completion.

August Joined 4th Escort Group after completing post refit trials

. 29th Deployed as Local Escort for military convoy WS22 during passage from Clyde in NW

Approaches with HM Destroyers BICESTER, BULLDOG, KEPPEL, ZETLAND,

CHESTERFIELD and Polish ORP BLYSKAWICA.

2nd Detached from WS22 with HMS CHESTERFIELD and returned to Clyde.

Escorted HM Battleship RAMILLIES during part of return passage to UK for repair

after service in Indian Ocean.

October Deployed with Group for Atlantic convoy defence.

November Part of escort for Convoy ONS140 with ships of GROUP

See ALLIED CONVOY SYSTEM IN WW2 by A Hague for dates.

December Atlantic convoy defence in continuation.

January Atlantic convoy defence with Group in continuation.

February Part of escort for Convoy SC118 with HM Destroyers VIMY and VANESSA.

4th Took part in attacks on U187 with HMS VIMY after its wireless transmissions had

(Note: Submarine was sunk by depth charges after a surface engagement

See U-BOATS DESTROYED by P Kemp.

Sustained minor damage after collision with mercantile ADAMAS.

March Part of escort for Convoy ONS169 with Group.

7th Convoy under threat of attack from RAUBGRAF U-Boat Group which failed to find

See HITLER S U-BOAT WAR by C Blair.

16th Transferred with escort to Convoy HX229 which had been attacked by the RAUBGRAF

Group on 11th and was under threat from STURMER and DRANGER U-Boat Groups.

Under night attack by STURMER, DRANGER and RAUBGRAF Groups.

(Note: Other escorts were HM Destroyer VOLUNTEER and HM Corvette PENNYWORT.

Attacks on this convoy, SC118, HX228 and SC122 were very costly.

For details of their significance see above reference, WAR AT SEA by W Roskill,

THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC by Donald Macintyre.)

April Deployed with 6th Escort Group and part of escort for Convoy ONS176.

9th During passage involved in collision with ss CAIRNAVALONA.

(Note: Other ships of Group included H M Destroyers HIGHLANDER, VIMY and five

11th Hit by torpedo from U188 during night attack on ON176 in position 52.28N 40.32W and sank

Only four of the ships complement of 152 survived.

KONVOJSKI POKRETNI POKRETI HMS -a BEVERLEY

Ovi spiskovi konvoja nisu unakrsno provjereni s gornjim tekstom


Tag: Warship Week

Did you know that Merthyr adopted its very own warship in the Second World War?

Between 1941 and 1942, the concept of National Savings was introduced by the British government. Each region in the country was provided with a savings target to achieve. This was based on the region’s population, with each general level of savings having a class of warship assigned. This became known as ‘Warship Week’. In one such ‘Warship Week’ in February 1942, Merthyr Tydfil raised the amazing sum of £57,000, the highest amount raised during the period, and was thus ‘awarded’ a ship – HMS Beverley.

HMS Beverley

HMS Beverley, was actually an old American ship – USS Branch, a Clemson-class destroyer that entered service in 1920. Built by Newport News Shipbuilding, the ship was laid down on 25 October 1918 and launched on 19 April 1919. Commissioned on 3 April 1920 for service in US Navy, she was held in Reserve in 1939 until she was transferred to the Royal Navy under the Lend Lease Agreement on 8 October 1940 and commissioned at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

HMS Beverley was assigned to convoy escort duties, and during 1941 escorted several Atlantic convoys, attacking U-boats on three separate occasions, and escorted several convoys to Malta.

In April 1942 she was an escort for Convoy PQ 14 en route to North Russia. On the journey the convoy was attacked by a superior force of enemy destroyers, which had approached unobserved during a snow storm and fired several torpedoes at a range of 9,000 yards. One merchant ship was sunk. The enemy returned four times and took part in short gunnery duels, but did not close the range below 8,000 yards. Despite being outnumbered and outgunned, HMS Beverley and the other escorts outfought the German opposition.

Following a refit, HMS Beverley returned to Atlantic Convoy duties, and would soon see her finest hour, taking part in the one of the most bitterly fought convoy actions of the entire Battle of the Atlantic: the defence of convoys HX-229 and SC-122. The convoys were attacked by over 40 U-boats, and despite heavy losses to the merchant ships, the U-boats were beaten off by HMS Beverley and her fellow escorts.

On her next voyage across the Atlantic, whilst escorting Convoy ON-176, some 360 miles southeast of Greenland, HMS Beverley collided with the merchantman, SS Cairnvolona on 9 April 1943. The incident, occurring in “thick weather,” severely handicapped the destroyer. Two days later, U-188 chanced across her and torpedoed her. The old ship went down quickly, leaving only four survivors. 139 men, including her commanding officer, went down with the ship.

HMS Beverley Ship’s Crest

For more information on HMS Beverley please check out the following links:


  • The 64th word of the King James Version of the Bible’s Old Testament Genesis is “light”
  • King David prays for deliverance from his enemies in the 64th Psalm
  • The 64 Dakinis or Yoginis are 8 Mother goddesses each with 8 attendants in India religious traditions each of the 64 can be further correlated to the currents or winds of the human “etheric” body
  • The Lord Shiva has 64 forms or manifestations.
  • Sixty-four is the square of 8, the cube of 4, and the sixth power of 2
  • Sixty-four is the smallest number with exactly seven divisors
  • Sixty-four is the lowest positive power of two that is adjacent to neither a Mersenne prime nor a Fermat prime
  • Sixty-four is the sum of Euler’s totient function for the first fourteen integers
  • Sixty-four is also a dodecagonal number and a centered triangular number
  • In base 10, no integer added up to its own digits yields 64, hence it is a self number
  • Sixty-four is a super-perfect number – a number such that s(s(n))=2n.
  • Base64
  • Base64 is a group of similar binary-to-text encoding schemes that represent binary data in an ASCII string format by translating it into a radix-64 representation. The term Base64 originates from a specific MIME content transfer encoding.
  • Base64 encoding schemes are commonly used when there is a need to encode binary data that needs to be stored and transferred over media that are designed to deal with textual data. This is to ensure that the data remain intact without modification during transport.
  • Base64 is commonly used in a number of applications including email via MIME, and storing complex data in XML.
  • Graham’s number
  • Graham’s number, named after Ronald Graham, is unimaginably larger than other well-known large numbers such as a googol, googolplex, and even larger than Skewes’ number and Moser’s number.
  • The number gained a degree of popular attention when Martin Gardner described it in the “Mathematical Games” section of Scientific American in November 1977, writing that, “In an unpublished proof, Graham has recently established … a bound so vast that it holds the record for the largest number ever used in a serious mathematical proof.” The 1980 Guinness Book of World Records repeated Gardner’s claim, adding to the popular interest in this number.
  • Specific integers known to be far larger than Graham’s number have since appeared in many serious mathematical proofs (e.g., in connection with Friedman’s various finite forms of Kruskal’s theorem).
  • 64-bit
  • In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory addresses of 64 bits (eight octets) wide. Also, 64-bit CPU and ALU architectures are those that are based on registers, address buses, or data buses of that size. From the software perspective, 64-bit computing means the use of code with 64-bit virtual memory addresses

  • Commodore 64
  • The Commodore 64, commonly called C64, CBM 64 (for Commodore Business Machines), or VIC-64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International.
  • Volume production started in the spring of 1982, with machines being released on to the market in August at a price of US$595.
  • Preceded by the Commodore VIC-20 and Commodore PET, the C64 took its name from its 64 kilobytes (65,536 bytes) of RAM, and had favorable sound and graphical specifications when compared to contemporary systems such as the Apple II, at a price that was well below the circa US$ 1200 demanded by Apple.
  • For a substantial period (1983–1986), the C64 dominated the market with between 30% and 40% share and 2 million units sold per year, outselling the IBM PC compatibles, Apple Inc. computers, and Atari 8-bit family computers.
  • Sam Tramiel, a later Atari president and the son of Commodore’s founder, said in a 1989 interview “When I was at Commodore we were building 400,000 C64s a month for a couple of years.”

  • Dragon 64
  • The Dragon 32 and Dragon 64 are home computers that were built in the 1980s. The Dragons are very similar to the TRS-80 Color Computer (CoCo), and were produced for the European market by Dragon Data, Ltd., in Port Talbot, Wales, and for the US market by Tano of New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • The model numbers reflect the primary difference between the two machines, which have 32 and 64 kilobytes of RAM, respectively.

  • Sixty-four is the Atomic Number of Gadolinium (Gd), discovered by Jean de Marignac 1880 (Switzerland), and named after the mineral gadolinite
  • Sixty-four is the Atomic Weight of Copper (Cu).
  • There are 64 codons in the RNA codon table under genetic code.
  • Messier object M64, is a magnitude 9.0 galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, also known as the Black Eye Galaxy
  • The New General Catalogue object NGC 64, a barred spiral galaxy in the constellation Cetus
  • WOH G64 is a red hypergiant in the Large Magellanic Cloud. With 1540 times the radius of the Sun, it is one of the largest known stars and the largest known in the LMC. The physical parameters are still poorly known due to the distance, visual faintness, several solar masses of shrouding dust, and the possibility of a bright hot companion.

  • STS-64
  • STS-64 was a Space Shuttle Discovery mission, launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on 9 September 1994, to perform multiple experiment packages.
  • STS-64 marked the first flight of Lidar In-space Technology Experiment (LITE) and first untethered U.S. extravehicular activity (EVA) in 10 years. LITE payload employs lidar, which stands for “light detection and ranging”, a type of optical radar using laser pulses instead of radio waves to study Earth’s atmosphere.
  • On day five of the mission, the Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy-201 (SPARTAN-201) free flyer was released using the Remote Manipulator System arm.
  • STS-64 was the first mission to see the use of the new full-pressure Advanced Crew Escape Suit, which eventually replaced the partial-pressure Launch Entry Suit.

  • Department of State Form DS-64 is the one US Citizens need if they lose or have your passport stolen
  • Department of Labor Chapter 64 regulates the employment of workers with disabilities at special wages
  • In the United States presidential election of 1964, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1964, Democratic candidate and incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson who had come to office less than a year earlier following the assassination of his predecessor, John F. Kennedy, and who had successfully associated himself with Kennedy’s popularity, won 61.1% of the popular vote, the highest won by a candidate since 1820.

  • There are 64 teams participating in the NCAA Basketball Tournament
  • In chess or draughts, there are a total of 64 black (dark) and white (light) squares on the game board
  • The Knight’s Tour of a chessboard is a sequence of moves by a knight so that each of the 64 squares is visited only once. The numbers of the knight’s moves form a magic square where each row and column adds up to 260
  • 64 is the name of the premier Russian chess magazine
  • NFL Hall of Famers with jersey #64 include Dave Wilcox, Linebacker (Boise Junior College, Oregon) and 1964-1974 San Francisco 49ers George Blanda, Quarterback-Kicker, 1949, 1950-58 Chicago Bears, 1950 Baltimore Colts, 1960-66 Houston Oilers, 1967-1975 Oakland Raiders Joe Delamielleure, Guard, 1973-1979, 1985 Buffalo Bills, 1980-1984 Cleveland Browns Randall McDaniel, Guard, 1988-1999 Minnesota Vikings, 2000-01 Tampa Bay Buccaneers Y.A. Tittle, Quarterback, 1948-1950 Baltimore Colts (AAFC/NFL), 1951-1960 San Francisco 49ers, 1961-1964 New York Giants.

  • In the National Hockey League, jersey #64 is used by James Robert McGinn IV is a Canadian professional ice hockey player currently playing for the Colorado Avalanche.

In books, movies, music and TV

  • The $64,000 Question is an American game show broadcast from 1955–1958, which became embroiled in the scandals involving TV quiz shows of the day. The $64,000 Challenge (1956–1958) was its popular spin-off show.
  • When I’m 64 is a song by John Lennon & Paul McCartney from The Beatles’ Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band album (1967).
  • HMS Vansittart
  • HMS Vansittart was an Admiralty modified W class destroyer built for the Royal Navy. She was ordered in January 1918 from William Beardmore & Company with the 13th Order for Destroyers of the Emergency War Program of 1918-19. She was the second Royal Navy ship to carry the name which was first used in 1821 for a hired packet.

  • HMS Beverley (H 64)
  • Completed in July 1920 as USS Branch (DD 197) for the US Navy, on 8 Oct, 1940 she was transferred to the Royal Navy and renamed HMS Beverley (H 64).
  • On 9 Apr, 1943, during WWII convoy duty in the North Atlantic, HMS Beverley had been seriously damaged in a collision with the British steam merchant Cairnvalona and had taken station in the rear of the convoy. When it was subsequenty attaced by a German U-Boat, U-188, 30 hours later she was hit by torpedos and sunk. HMS Clover (K 134) (Lt P.H. Grieves, RNR) later picked up five survivors and recovered two bodies, but one of the survivors later died on board.

  • HMS Fencer (D64)
  • The USS Croatan (CVE-14) (originally AVG-14 then ACV-14) was transferred to the United Kingdom on 20 February 1943 under lend-lease where she served as HMS Fencer (D64). As an anti-submarine warfare carrier, Fencer escorted Atlantic, Russian and African convoys, even participating in a strike on the German battleship Tirpitz before being transferred to the Pacific.
  • Following World War II, she returned to the United States 21 December 1946, stricken for disposal on 28 January 1947 and sold into merchant service 30 December as Sydney.
  • The ship went through a series of renamings, first to Roma in 1967, then Galaxy Queen in 1970, Lady Dina in 1972 and finally Caribia in 1973 before being scrapped in Spezia in September 1975.

  • HMS Scorpion (D64)
  • HMS Scorpion (D64) was a Weapon-class destroyer of the British Royal Navy. Originally named HMS Centaur, the ship was renamed Tomahawk and finally Scorpion (in September 1943) before her launch.
  • Scorpion was the only Weapon-class ship fitted with the Limbo depth charge mortar rather than the older Squid.
  • In 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.

  • HMS Theseus (R64)
  • HMS Theseus (R64) was a Colossus-class light fleet aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy, launched on 6 July 1944.
  • Theseus was laid down to serve in the Second World War, but was not completed before peace was declared in 1945. She was utilized as a training vessel until the outbreak of the Korean War when she was deployed to Korea, commencing standard carrier operations.
  • In 1956, Theseus was used as an emergency commando carrier, along with her sister-ship Ocean, during the Suez Crisis. From November to December, helicopters from Theseus transported troops ashore, as well as evacuating wounded soldiers. Compared to her actions during the Korean War, her role at Suez was relatively quiet. The following year she was placed in reserve. She was subsequently broken up at Inverkeithing in 1962.

  • USS Wisconsin (BB-64)
  • The USS Wisconsin (BB-64), “Wisky” or “WisKy”, is an Iowa-class battleship, the second ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the U.S. state of Wisconsin. She was launched on 7 December 1943 (the second anniversary of the Pearl Harbor raid).
  • During her career, Wisconsin served in the Pacific Theater of World War II, where she shelled Japanese fortifications and screened United States aircraft carriers as they conducted air raids against enemy positions.
  • During the Korean War, Wisconsin shelled North Korean targets in support of United Nations and South Korean ground operations, after which she was decommissioned.
  • She was reactivated 1 August 1986, modernised and participated in Operation Desert Storm in January and February 1991.
  • Wisconsin was last decommissioned in September 1991, having earned a total of six battle stars for service in World War II and Korea, as well as a Navy Unit Commendation for service during the January/February 1991 Gulf War.
  • She currently functions as a museum ship operated by Nauticus, The National Maritime Center in Norfolk, Virginia. .

  • USS Constellation (CV-64)
  • The USS Constellation (CV-64), a Kitty Hawk–class supercarrier, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the “new constellation of stars” on the flag of the United States and the only naval vessel ever authorized to display red, white, and blue designation numbers.
  • One of the fastest ships in the Navy, as proven by her victory during a battlegroup race held in 1985, she was nicknamed “Connie” by her crew and officially as “America’s Flagship”.
  • She was launched 8 October 1960 and delivered to the Navy 1 October 1961, and commissioned 27 October 1961, with Captain T. J. Walker in command. At that time, she had cost about US$264.5 million. Constellation was the last U.S. aircraft carrier (as of 2010) to be built at a yard other than Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Company.

  • USS Gettysburg (CG-64)
  • The USS Gettysburg (CG-64) is a Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser in the United States Navy, built at the Bath Iron Works in Maine and named for the Battle of Gettysburg during the American Civil War.
  • With her guided missiles and rapid-fire cannons, she is capable of facing and defeating threats in the air, on the sea, or ashore, and underneath the sea. She also carries two Seahawk LAMPS multi-purpose helicopters, but mainly for anti-submarine warfare (ASW).
  • She is based in Mayport, Florida.

  • U-64 |
  • The first U-64 was a Type U-63 class submarine in the Kaiserliche Marine that served during World War I. She was built in 1916 and served in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • On 19 March 1917, while on patrol in the Tyrrhenian Sea, U-64 torpedoed and sank the French battleship Danton 30 miles south of Sardinia, with the loss of 296 men. She herself was lost on 17 June 1918.

  • In 1937 another German submarine U-64, a Type IXB U-boat of the Nazi German Kriegsmarine, was ordered in July 1937 and launched in September 1939.
  • This U-64 had a very short career and sank no enemy vessels. Having left her home port of Wilhelmshaven for her first war patrol on 6 April 1940, she was intercepted by Allied aircraft seven days later off the coast of Norway during the invasion of that country and was sunk by a bomb from a Fairey Swordfish aircraft of HMS Warspite. Of her crew of 46, eight men died and 38 escaped from the sinking submarine.
  • K-64
  • The K-64 Designation was first given to the first Alfa Class Submarine, launched on April 22, 1969.
  • In 1972, the submarine suffered a major reactor problem in the form of a leak of liquid metal coolant. The superheated metal solidified on contact with the colder outside air, freezing and damaging internal components of the reactor. She was removed from service and towed to Severodvinsk.
  • The K-64 designation was again given to a Delta IV class submarine launched on February 2, 1986 as the fourth ship of its class, entered in service in the Russian Northern Fleet. The sub was laid down in December 1982 and was built at Sevmash plant in Severodvinsk.
  • This ship is still in active service.

  • P-64
  • P-64 was the designation assigned by the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) to the North American Aviation NA-68 fighter, an upgraded variant of the NA-50 developed during the late 1930s.
  • Six NA-68s ordered by the Royal Thai Air Force were seized before export by the US government in 1941, after the Franco-Thai War and growing ties between Thailand and the Empire of Japan. These aircraft were used by the USAAC as unarmed fighter trainers.
  • Seven NA-50s were purchased by the Peruvian Air Force, which nicknamed it Torito (“Little Bull”). The Peruvian NA-50s subsequently saw action during the Ecuadorian-Peruvian War of 1941.

  • The Grumman G-64/111 Albatross
  • The Albatross is easily the largest of Grumman’s series of utility amphibians, and was the only one originally developed specifically for military service.
  • The Albatross resulted from a late 1940s US Navy requirement for a general purpose amphibious transport. The first Albatross prototype flew for the first time on October 24 1947, with more than 400 production HU-16s subsequently delivered to the US Navy, US Coast Guard and 12 other nations. Military Albatross missions included general reconnaissance, maritime patrol, anti submarine warfare (in which role it could be armed with torpedoes and depth charges) and search and rescue.
  • In the late 1970s, Grumman and major US flying boat operator Resorts International began work on a program to convert the Albatross for civil airline service. The conversion incorporated numerous changes to the basic Albatross, including a 28 seat passenger interior, a galley and provision for a flight attendant, upgraded avionics and other improved systems.
  • In all only 13 aircraft were converted, 12 for Resorts International, and 1 for Conoco Oil/Pelita which operated from Singapore. Several of these are still active, together with ex military examples.

  • AH-64 Apache
  • The Boeing AH-64 Apache is a four-blade, twin-engine attack helicopter with a tailwheel-type landing gear arrangement, and a tandem cockpit for a two-man crew.
  • Originally, the Apache started life as the Model 77 developed by Hughes Helicopters for the United States Army’s Advanced Attack Helicopter program to replace the AH-1 Cobra, and was first flown on 30 September 1975.
  • The AH-64 was introduced to U.S. Army service in April 1986.
  • The AH-64 Apache features a nose-mounted sensor suite for target acquisition and night vision systems is armed with a 30-millimeter (1.2 in) M230 Chain Gun carried between the main landing gear, under the aircraft’s forward fuselage and has four hardpoints mounted on stub-wing pylons, typically carrying a mixture of AGM-114 Hellfire missiles and Hydra 70 rocket pods. The AH-64 has a large amount of systems redundancy to improve combat survivability.
  • The first production AH-64D Apache Longbow, an upgraded version of the original Apache, was delivered to the Army in March 1997. Production has been continued by Boeing Defense, Space & Security over 1,000 AH-64s have been produced to date.
  • The U.S. Army is the primary operator of the AH-64 it has also become the primary attack helicopter of multiple nations, including Greece, Japan, Israel, the Netherlands and Singapore as well as being produced under license in the United Kingdom as the AgustaWestland Apache. U.S. AH-64s have served in conflicts in Panama, the Persian Gulf, Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq. Israel used the Apache in its military conflicts in Lebanon and the Gaza Strip both British and U.S. Apaches have seen deployments in Afghanistan and Iraq.

  • Sikorsky S-64 Skycrane
  • The Sikorsky S-64 Skycrane is an American twin-engine heavy-lift helicopter, the civil version of the United States Army’s CH-54 Tarhe. The S-64 Aircrane is the current production version, manufactured by the Erickson Air-Crane company.
  • Erickson Air-Crane purchased the type certificate and manufacturing rights in 1992 and since that date they have become the manufacturer and world’s largest operator of S-64 Aircranes. The Aircrane can be fitted with a 2,650-gallon (


USS Branch

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